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Final Exam Key Peopl

TermDefinition
Henry Ford an American manufacturer that found a system to mass-produce cars, making the automobile available to millions
Sitting Bull Southern Plains Native American that led attacks to keep whites out
William Jennings Bryan Democrat that won Populist support in the election of 1896, but lost to William McKinley
Thomas Edison an inventor that produced the light bulb, phonograph, motion picture camera, and other useful devices with other scientists, and also created the nation's first electrical powerplant
Alexander Graham Bell person who invented the telephone, which could carry the human voice
Wilbur and Orville Wright inventors of the first airplane
Andrew Carnegie a Scottish immigrant that became a giant in big business by creating a monopoly in the steel industry
John D. Rockefeller a business giant that ended competition in the oil industry by forming the Standard Oil Trust
Samuel Gompers leader of the AFL, or American Federation of Labor, that believed in using skilled workers to win improvements through collective bargaining
Jane Addams a reformer that opened Hull House, a settlement house in the slums of Chicago
Mark Twain an author by the pen name of Samuel Clemens that captured the speech patterns of southerners living along the Mississippi River
Joseph Pulitzer a Hungarian immigrant that created the first modern, mass-circulation newspaper
Theodore Roosevelt vice president of William McKinley that became a strong supporter of Progressive goals, including the end of big business, organized labor, and conservation
William Howard Taft Roosevelt's secretary of war that became president, who supported Progressive causes, but later lost Progressive support
Woodrow Wilson a Democratic Progressive President that created the New Freedom to ensure fair business competition
Carrie Chapman Catt a leader of the suffrage movement that tried to win suffrage state by state
Alice Paul a suffragist that met with Woodrow Wilson to request to allow women to vote
Frances Willard president of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union that tried to ban the sale of liquor
Booker T. Washington African American educator that believed that African Americans should seek to move up gradually in society
W.E.B. Du Bois African American scholar that believed to fight segregation instead of submitting to it
Jeannette Rankin first woman elected to Congress that voted against Wilson's war resolution
Herbert Hoover head of the Food Administration that directed relief efforts in Belgium and urged people to conserve valuable food resources
Eugene V. Debs a labor leader that was jailed in 1918 for urging workers not to support the war effort
John J. Pershing commander of the American Expeditionary Force (as known in Europe) that insisted that American soldiers would fight units under American command during WWI
Vladmir Lenin leader of the Bolsheviks that pulled Russia out of the war, seized the government, and set Russia on the road to Communism
Henry Cabot Lodge a Republican Senator that objected that the United States join the League of Nations
Warren Harding Republican nominee for President that promised a return to "normalcy"
Calvin Coolidge Vice President of Warren Harding that helped restore the public's trust in government
Charles Lindbergh "Lucky Lindy" first to fly nonstop across the Atlantic in 1927
Sinclair Lewis an author who reacted against what he saw as the hypocrises of middle-class culture, writing the story Babbitt to criticize American society
Langston Hughes poet who was famous for his moving expressions of racial pride
Franklin D. Roosevelt Democratic president that introduced a "New Deal" for the American people and worked to help people recover from the Great Depression
Huey Long a Democratic senator that argued that the government could end the Depression immediately by taxing the wealthy and giving money to the poor
Francis Townsend a doctor that called for a system of government pensions for retired Americans
Charles Coughlin a Catholic priest that distrusted Roosevelt's policies on banking and money
Eleanor Roosevelt FDR's wife who helped work for him and championed women's rights
Mary McLeod Bethune an educator who became the top-ranking African American in the government and a member of the Black Cabinet
Marian Anderson an African American singer who sang on the steps of Lincoln Memorial Easter Sunday
John Collier Commissioner of Indian Affairs who created the Indian New Deal for Native Americans
John Steinbeck writer that captured the miseries of the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression
Frances Perkins secretary of labor and the first woman to serve in the Cabinet that backed labor reforms
John L. Lewis head of the United mine workers that formed the Congress of Industrial Organization consisting of many other labor unions
Josef Stalin sole dictator of Soviet Union that turned it into a totalitarian state
Benito Mussolini prime minister (dictator) of Italy that turned it into the world's first Fascist state
Adolf Hitler extreme nationalist and dictator of Germany that turned it into a totalitarian state
Winston Churchill British prime minister during World War II
Dwight D. Eisenhower American general that fought in North Africa
Douglas MacArthur general that commanded a Filipino-American force, but withdrew his forces onto the Bataan peninsula
A. Phillip Randolph union leader that threatened a mass protest unless Roosevelt moved to end discrimination in the armed forces
Harry S Truman vice president to FDR that became president after his sudden death and planned the invasion of Japan
Created by: 14jfish