Normal Size Small Size show me how
7th Social Studies
final exam review
|What effect did barbed wire have on the cattle industry?
|using barbed wire to fence in ranch lands brought ther era of cattle drives to an end
|Who was the first governor of Texas?
|James Pinckney Henderson
|Why was construction of highways begun in Texas?
|after the appearance of automobiles in the state around 1900, the Tx government began building highways
|What are “suburbs” and why do people move there?
|ppl from the city moved to the suburbs in order to have bigger houses
|Which amendment gave suffrage to women?
|What effect did railroads have on trade in Texas?
|trade became more long distance
|What contributed to the end of the fence-cutting wars?
|a law that made that action a felony
|What are some of the checks and balances the Governor has over the legislative branch?
|What destroyed much of Galveston in 1900 and what did city leaders do to try and prevent this from happening again?
|hurricane-raising the level of the city
|Why did farmers suffer in the late 1920’s?
|debt was high, but prices fell
|What contributed to the Dust Bowl?
|severe weather & poor farming decisions
|What region of Texas was affected by the dust Bowl?
|the Plains region
|Which courts are the most influential trial courts in the state and what 2 courts are at the top of the state court system?
|district courts are the most influential trial courts in the state- the Supremem Court & Court of Criminal Appeals are the 2 courts at the top of the Tx state court system
|What cases are heard in civil courts?
|more than 1 claim to the same preperty
|What does Juneteenth commemorate?
|the day the slaves found out slavery was over in Tx
|Why was it unfair to relocate Native Americans to reservations?
|Native Americans lived in the disputed areas before other settlers arrived
|What invention helped create a demand for oil in the early 1900’s?
|What were the key issues, besides slavery, that led to Texas being involved in the Civil War?
|What were the differences between the Treaty of 1844 and the Joint Resolution of 1845 and which one was approved by the U.S. Senate?
|The Joint Resolution of 1844 gave Tx full statehood, keep public lands, & allowed the state to retain slavery. Tx would be a territory under the 1844 plan but a state under the 1845 plan. The US Senate turned down the treaty but approved the 1845 plan
|Describe how Texas looked, culturally, in 1850.
|Teh immigration group of Germans made up the largest number of Tx residents besiders Mexican Texans
|What 3 events led to the Native Americans being put onto reservations?
|The Red River wars take place, the Tx frontier line moves westward, & government officals encourage the killing of buffalo
|Why did Sam Houston run for governor in 1857?
|he flet strongly that the Southern States should not secede & he wanted to ake sure Native Texans were treated fairly
|Why was Robert E. Lee significant?
|he was the Confederate general who surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse
|Why did southerners threaten to secede?
|before the Presidental election of 1860, southerners threatened to secede if a republican won the election
|What were most of the battles in Texas fought over?
|Confederate efforts to keep Tx ports open
|Discuss the battle of Palmito Ranch.
|it was the site of the last Civil War battle
|What is martial law and what role did it have during post civil war?
|rule by an army instead of by the usual civil authorities
|What were the provisions of Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan?
|former confederate states had to declare that their secesssion had been illegal
|What was the major political issue in reconstruction?
|political reconstruction required the ppl of the south to write a new constitiution that rejected secession & ended slavery
|What was another name of the African American troops?
|How did the relationship between the Texas settlers and Native Americans change during the civil war?
|tx settlers became easy targets for the native americans after the Civil War began b/c soldiers left Tx to fight in the Civil War
|What caused the Native Americans to move to reservations?
|Destruction of their homes, food, horses, and the buffalo eventually forced the Cammanches & Kiowas onto the reservations
|Why were brands used?
|Unbranded cattle could be claimed by anyone
|Why were the longhorns important to ranchers?
|They could survive under harsh conditions
|How did the cattle kingdom begin?
|What natural resources supported the cattle industry?
|The dry, warm climate; an endless supply of grasses; prairies with room to roam
|Where was cotton mostly grown?
|Great Plains region
|Discuss what a freedman was
|Describe what a labor union is
|An association of workers formed to gain better wages and working conditions
|Which were abundant natural resources in Tx?
|Oil & natural gas; cattle & lumber; land & wildlife
|What are examples of fossil fuels?
|Coal & oil
|What are the main results of the oil boom?
|Increase in Tx population; development of new industries; improvements in Tx transportation
|A social reform movement based on improving society through the power of the government
|What were the results of the hurricane of 1900?
|Galveston changed to a commission form of city government because the old form of government would not have been able to handle the huge task of rebuilding the city
|Describe oil production in Tx during 1990-1940
|Most of the oil & natural gas discovered in Tx between 1900 & 1940 in East Tx & the Gulf Coast
|What was the prohibition movement?
|Led to a ban on the sale of alcohol
|What were big reform issues between 1880 & 1920?
|Temperance, public education, & women's rights
|When and how did women get the right to vote?
|What influence did Governor Hogg have over the railroad industry?
|He established he Tx Railroad Commission to oversee all railroad operations
|What causes the dust bowl?
|The plowing under of millions of acres of prairie grasses
|What is an amendment?
|An addition or change made to a law or construction
|What does the Bill of Rights consists of?
|(US) the 1st 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution (TX) Article 1'of the Tx Constitution is referred road the Tx Bill of Rights
|Which Tx Consitution is still in effect today?
|The Constitution of 1876
|Name the 3 branches of government and define what they do.
|Judicial- the branch of government that interprets laws and runs the courts Executive- the branch of government that enforces laws & recommends people for government posts
|What is the lowest level of the Tx court system made up of?
|Municipal courts & justices of the peace
|Describe the women's political involvement before 1919?
|They could not vote, but they worked to bring about political & social reform
|What reasons did the railroad industry needed to be reformed in the late 1800s.
|Railroad companies often followed unfair practices in dealing w/ passengers & businesses; railroad companies sold land given to them by the government to farmers for extremely high prices; railroad companies banded together to control prices
|Where does more than 50 percent of Texas' revenue come from?
|Who is the leader of the Tx Senate?
|What do you have to do in order to be able to vote?
|Register to vote
|Whg methods deprived citizen's of their 15th amendment rights?
|Poll taxes & literacy tests
|What is a common characteristic of the 13th, 14th, & 15th amendments?
|They aim to protect the civil rights of African Americans