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Study for the exam

The exam for social studies

What effect did barbed wire have on the cattle industry? It brought the era of the cattle drives to an end because of its huge sucess.
Who was the first governor of Texas? James Pickney Henderson was the first governor.
What happens when a country becomes more industrialized? People live in the factory towns, things get cheaper, workers get closer supervision, children get hired with low wages, and mass production.
Why was construction of highways begun in Texas? The automobiles were built around the 1900s and they needed a road to drive on.
What are " suburbs " and why do people move there? An outlying district of a city, especially a residential one. There were larger houses, much land, and it was close enough to the city.
Which amendment gave suffrage to women? The voting rights/ which was also considered the 19th amendment.
What effect did the railroads have on trade in Texas? Things, like manufacturing goods, could be hauled for longer distances.
What contributed to the end of the fence-cutting wars? They made a law that became a felony and the Texas rangers got involved.
What are some of the checks and balances the Governor has over the legislative branch? They did a veto, but a special one called a line item veto. This means that the authority, as a government executive, to reject provisions of a bill individually.
What destroyed much of Galveston in 1900 and what did the city leaders do to try and prevent this from happening again? The hurricane destroyed most of Galveston. They built walls to at least withstand the hurricane Lang enough to evacuate the city and they also made the elevation of the land higher from the city.
Why did farmers suffer in the late 1920's? The Dust Bowl and the debt was high, but the prices fell.
What are border states and which ones stayed in the Union? A border state is a state that allowed slavery, but stayed in the Union. The states are Delaware, West Virginia, Missouri, Kentucky, & Maryland.
In what order did the states join the Confederacy? South Carolina was the first state to join. That's where the first battle is taken place, Fort Sumter. There were exactly 11 states that joined.
What contributed to the Dust Bowl? Sever weather and the poor farming technics and decisions.
What region of Texas was affected by the Dust Bowl? The Plain regions that are around the Pan Handle of Texas. Mostly Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Kansas, and New Mexico.
Which courts are the most influential trial courts in the state and what 2 courts are at the top of the state court system? The district courts are the most influential. The Supreme Court and the Court of Criminal Appeals are the top of the system.
What cases are heard in civil courts? The civil and criminal courts are mostly common. It can involve misdemeanors, which is mostly a minor crime, and felonys, which is mostly the major crimes. Criminal cases are crimes from the law and civil is mostly the people arguments.
What does Juneteenth commemorate? Slaves that found out that slavery was over.
Why was it unfair to relocate Native Americans to reservations? They lived there first and they were the first to find it.
What inventions helped create a demand for oil in the early 1900's? The internal combustion engine was created and the oil production grew.
What were the key issues, besides slavery, that led to Texas being involved in the Civil War? The states rights and tariffs.
What were the differences between the Treaty of 1844 and the Joint Resolution of 1845 and which one was approved by the U.S. Senate? The Treaty made Texas come as a territory and they had to give up their land. The Joint Resolution made Texas come as a state, they kept their land, and slavery was allowed. The Senate chose the Joint one though.
Describe how Texas looked, culturally, in 1850. Mexican Americans were the biggest group and the Germans were also popular.
What 3 events led to the Native Americans being put onto reservations? 1: the Red River Wars. 2: the government encouraged the slaughter of the buffalo. 3: frontier line was moved westward.
Why did Sam Houston run for governor in 1857? He didn't want Texas to secede and he believed that the African Americans should be treated fairly.
Why was Robert E. Lee significant? The Confederate general that surrendered in Appomattox.
Why did southerners threaten to secede? They were afraid that the Republicans might win.
What were most of the battles in Texas fought over? Confederate ports so that the Union doesn't allow the Confederates to got their supplies from the ports.
Discuss the battle of Palmito Ranch. The last Civil War battle and it was an after war, the war already ended and they still did that battle, losing people and families.
What is martial law and what role did it have during post civil war? The martial law was ruled by the army, not the civilians. It mostly happened in the south during reconstruction.
What were the provisions of Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction Plan? The southerners could vote, it also required them that secession is illegal, and he told them that they couldn't pay back their war debt.
What was the major political issue of reconstruction? They wrote a new constitution that rejected secession and ended slavery.
What was another name of the African American troops? Buffalo soldiers.
How did the relationship between the Texas settlers and Native Americans change during the civil war? The settlers were easy targets because the soldiers left for the battle.
What caused the Native Americans to move to reservations? The destruction of their homes, food, horses, and buffalo.
Why were brands used? It was to show ownership. Unbranded cattle can be claimed theirs.
Why were the longhorns important to ranchers? They could survive under harsh conditions. The cattle kingdom began with the Spanish culture.
How did the cattle kingdom begin? Dry and warm climate endless supply of grass. There were prairies with room to room.
What natural resources supported the cattle industry? The prairies had endless supplies of grass.
Where was cotton mostly grown? In the Great Plains.
Discuss what a " freedman " was. The former slaves.
Discuss fossil fuel. It is made up of dead plants and animals that were compacted in the earths crust, making oil. It was mostly coal and oil.
Describe what a Labor union is. Association for workers to form and to gain better wages and better conditions.
Which were the most abundant natural resources in Texas? Cattle and lumber, oil and natural gas, & last and wild life.
What were the main results of the oil boom? Increase in population and new industries were developed and transportation was improved.
Describe progressivism. Social movement based on improving society through the power of government.
What was the result of the hurricane of 1900. They change to a commission form of city government.
Describe oil production in Texas during the 1900-1940. East Texas and the gulf coast was the main place.
What was the prohibition movement? It was to start to desire the ban of alcohol and it happened all around the U.S.
What were the big reform issues between 1880 and 1920? The public education, women's rights, and temperance is directly.
When and how did women get the right to vote? 19th amendment
What influence did Governor Hoggs have over the railroad industry? He formed the Texas Railroad Commission.
What caused the dust bowl? Plowing under millions of acres of grass.
What is an amendment? Addition or charge made to a law or constitution.
What down the Bill of Rights consist of? Texas made the first article of the constitution and U.S. bill of rights has the first 10 amendments. The Texas one protects the rights of individual.
Which Texas constitution is still in effect today? The constitution of 1876.
Name the three branches of government and define what they do. Legislative branch makes the law.( #1 ). Executive branch implements the laws and it carries them out. ( #2 ). Judicial branch evaluates the laws against the constitution. ( #3 )
What is the lowest level of the Texas court system made of? Municipal courts and the Justice of the Peace.
Describe the woman's political involvement before 1919. They could not vote but they worked to bring the political and social reform.
What reasons did the railroad industry needed to be reformed in the late 1800s They followed unfair passengers and business practices. Sold land to farm for high prices. They banded together to control prices.
Where does more than 50% of the Texas' revenue come from? Taxes.
Who is the leader of the Texas Senate? The lieutenant governor.
What do you have to do in the order to be able to vote? You have to register to vote.
Know and understand 7 principles of government. Popular sovereignty: power from the people. Republic: government that voters elect officials to represent. Limited government: protects individual rights. Separation of powers: limit the power into 3. Checks and balances: checks up on the branches.
" " this is continuation of the other one. Federalism: it takes the main power and breaks up into groups. Individual rights: protection of individual rights.
What methods deprived citizens of their 15th amendment rights? Poll taxes and the literacy test.
What is a common characteristic of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments? They protected the civil rights of African Americans.
A good thing to remember...... In a school district, the main administrator is the super attendant.
Created by: g0401081