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Ch 20: 20th century

William Taft The 27th President of the United States, a leader of the progressive wing of the Republican Party in the early 20th century, a pioneer in international arbitration, and a staunch advocate of world peace that verged on pacifism. A big man 6 ft. tall 350 lb
Dollar Diplomacy The US policy of sending dollars instead of guns into unstabe situations in foreign countries, especially in the Western Hemisphere. A policy introduced by William Taft.
The Progressives A third party put forth by Teddy Roosevelt in the 1912 presidental election. This caused a split in the Republican votes which allowed Wilson to win the election for the Democrats.
Woodrow Wilson The 28th President of the United States, he was a leading intellectual of the Progressive Era. He was not only an idealist but also a progressive, and was president during World War I.
Federal Reserve Act One of the most important pieces of legislaton in US history. It created a board made up of 12 districts each with a bank. The board could determine how much money would be put into circulation. This would go a long way toward economic stability.
Federal Trade Commission Act It created an organization that had the power to investigate businesses, industries, and corporations to search for violations of federal antitrust laws. This act was created by Wilson to topple trusts.
The Clayton Act It made shady business practices formally illegal. It also gave labor unions many rights, such as legal striking and picketing, as long as they remained peaceful.
Pancho Villa An outlaw who tired to start a war between the US and Mexico by crossing into New Mexico and killing Americans. Wilson sent in General "Black Jack" Pershing to find him, but he avoided capture.
Gavrillo Princep A Serbian nationalist who assassinated Archduke Ferdinand and started World War I.
Isolationism American policy to remain neutral during the first part of World War I.
The Lusitania When German U-boats sunk this boat, killing 128 American civilians, many Americans became ready for the US to join the Allies in World War I.
Zimmerman telegram It stated that if Mexico would ally itself with Germany and attack the US that it could have Texas, New Mexico and California back. A reason why many Americans supported joining World War I.
Panama Canal Started by Teddy Roosevelt and finally completed in 1914, it created a sea route between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. The US had to support a revolution in Columbia in order to proceed with the plan.
Roosevelt Corollary Formed in 1904 in response to the Dominican Republic Crisis, it said that if Latin-American nations got into any kind of trouble, especially financial trouble, the US would step in and fix things so that European powers would stay of out of the Americas.
Assasination of McKinley Died at the hands of an anarchist named Leon Czolgosz who thought the president had too much power. Allowed Teddy Roosevelt to become president.
"Speak softly and carry a big stick" A motto made famous by Teddy Roosevelt which meant that the US would try dipolomacy first, but if necessary, would take military action.
Roosevelt wins the Nobel Peace Prize Awarded to this American President for effectively ending the Russo-Japanese War of 1905.
WCTU / Anti-Saloon League These organizations aggressively attacked the liquor industry. Many progressives, especially women, fought against the evils of alcohol and brougt attention to happenings in bars and saloons, as well as the unsavory behavior of intoxicated men
The Square Deal Progressive plan launched by Teddy Roosevelt had three main goals: Some control and regulation of big business, protection of consumers against business, and conservation of the natural resources big industries were using at an alarming rate.
Created by: Donkey Teeth