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US History thru Lit.

QuestionAnswer
local state laws segregating blacks from economic, educational and social advantages and the Federal government did nothing Jim Crow Laws
a mark given against a person for failure or misconduct, esp in schools or the armed forces Demerit
(of military personnel) to leave or run away from (service, duty, etc.) with the intention of never returning deserters
A Confederate soldier. A native or inhabitant of the southern US, especially of one of the former Confederate states; southerner Johnny Reb
a person who flees for refuge or safety, especially to a foreign country, as in time of political upheaval, war, etc. refugee
spoils or plunder taken by pillaging, as in war looting
preliminary survey to gain information, survey enemy territory reconnaissance
the offense of acting to overthrow one's government or to harm or kill its sovereign treason
She made 20 successful trips back to the south and led more than 300 others to freedom by using a series of safe houses and routes known as the Underground Railroad. She also served as a spy and a nurse for the Union Army. Clara Barton
laws in the United States after the Civil War with the effect of limiting the basic human rights and civil liberties of blacks The Black Codes
a person or thing that is mysterious, puzzling or difficult to understand enigmatical
An American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Was criticized for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies. William Tecumseh Sherman
unconventional eccentric
a person without a settled home or regular work who wanders from place to place and lives by begging vagrant
done according to a systematic or established form of procedure methodical
In 1864, he defeated Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley and his destruction of the economic infrastructure of the Valley, called "the Burning" by residents. Philip Henry Sheridan
mental calmness and evenness of temper equanimity
playfully quaint or fanciful, especially in an appealing and amusing way whimsical
having an unemotional and stolidly calm disposition phlegmatic
pleasant because of a personality, qualities or interests that are similar to ones own congenial
continuing without pause or interruption incessantly
the top or highest part of something apex
acceptable and satisfactory palatable
the practice of performing charitable or benevolent actions, love of mankind in general philanthropist
diligent, thorough and extremely attentive to details scrupulously
utterly odious or wicked heinous
U.S. philanthropist who organized the American Red Cross in 1881 Clara Barton
a nickname for union soldiers Billy Yank, Bluecoats or Bluebelly
talkative loquacious
The conditions of the North in economic terms 1)had 38 rifle factories that could make 5,000 rifles each day. 2)Northern free black men made $10 per day 3)North had factories, abundant clothing, inventions, washing machines, roller skates, etc.
How did the conditions of the North affect the war effort? The North had the advantage by having more guns on hand and they had warmer clothes, shoes and flypaper. They probably didn't feel the efforts of the war economically
The conditions of the South in economic terms 1)Southern rifles were made by hand, 1 piece at a time = 100 per day 2)Southern soldiers were paid $11 per month 3)Salt went from $2 a bag to $60 within a year
How did the conditions of the South affect the war effort? 1)men were starving 2)women raided wagon trains and looted Gov't. warhouses 3)they didn't have the luxuries that the North had like extra shoes and clothes
One reason that the Union strategy for defeating the South included a naval blockade of Southern ports.... to prevent Southern efforts to sell cotton in Europe in exchange for war supplies.
The first major goal of President Abraham Lincoln's administration was to maintain the unity of the country.
The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution of the United States were intended to solve problems relation to.... civil rights.
During Reconstruction, the Freedmen's Bureau.... established schools for former slaves.
What did President Abraham Lincoln issue after the first Union victory? The Emancipation Proclamation
Four of the six goals of the Tuskegee Institute. 1)Complete education which would enable them to return to their homes as teachers, to impart knowledge they had gained. 2)An appreciation for agriculture as a reputable industry. 3) Proper Nutrition 4) A knowledge and skill in some industry
Imperialism The policy of extending a nations authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political hegemony over other nations.
German Nationalism An intense feeling to one's country, coupled with an underlying sense of superiority. This was based on the "state" as supreme in contrast to God as Supreme and the inherit value of the individual.
Autocrat One who ruled by himself and had unlimited power or there were no elections, parliaments and course to check the actions of the czar.
Marxim "from each according to his ability to each according to his need."
Totalitarianism government by which a tyrannical dictator insists on control every aspect of life, from all that the people do, think and feel. In effect people can have no privacy, no conscience and no life outside the system.
Socialism putting the interests of society above any individual or group.
Communism a system of social organization in which economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state, dominated by a single and self perpetuation political party
Capitalism an economic system in which investment in ownership of the means of production, distribution and exchange of wealth made and maintained.
Democracy Government by the people. Power is vested in the people and exercised by them or elected officials under a free electoral system.
Created by: sherrimclaughlin