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History Final 7th

QuestionAnswer
The Northwest Ordinance and requirements for statehood The Northwest Ordinance created a process for governing territories and banning slavery. To become a state, a territory must have at least 60,000 people.
The Great Compromise The Great Compromise was created because the democratic parties argued about the legislative branch. To satisfy both the large and small states, there would be two houses in the legislative branch. The senate would have two representatives per state-
The Great Compromise cont. whereas the house of representatives would be based on population.
The 3/5 Compromise The south wanted slaves to be counted so they could get more representation in the house of representation. The North said they had no rights and should not be counted. they decided to let each slave count as 3/5 of a person.
Effect of the 3/5 Compromise The effect was that the constitution listed two types of people, free people and other people.
Ratify Ratify means to approves. 9/13 states had to ratify the amendments.
Federalism Federalism is the division of power between the federal government and state governments.
Popular Sovereignty Popular sovereignty is government by the people for. People would vote directly on issues instead of their elected representatives.
Bill of Rights Anit-federalists demanded the first ten amendments be added before they ratified the constitution to prevent government abuses. The bill of rights was added through the amendment process.
The Fedralists vs. Anti-federalists (1) The federalists wanted a strong central governments and they believed in three branches to provide checks and balances.
The Federalists vs. Anti-federalists (2) The anti-federalists feared the president would become a king. They wanted the bill of rights to protect states and individual rights.
Legislative Branch makes laws
Executive Branch enforces laws
Judicial Branch interprets laws and determines if they are constitutional or not.
Why did political parties form? Political parties formed to support people's different views of government powers.
President Jefferson President Jefferson was an anti-federalist. He later became the leader of the democratic republicans. He favored strong states rights and believed in a strong central government.
Impressment The British seized American sailors and forced them into their navy.
Foreign Policy During the war between Britain and France, neither wanted the U.S. to trade with the other. The U.S. declared neutrality but it didn't work. They then created the Embargo act which blocked foreign trade.
The Louisiana Purchase Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory from the French and justified it under the treaty rights in the constitution.
Voting Rights and Suffrage The voting requirements changed from white male property owner aged 21, to white male age 21.
Common Man The common man was less wealthy, less educated than early founders, and liked and voted for Jackson
Tariff of 1828 The Tariff of 1828 created an import tax on iron, textiles, and other goods. The south was unhappy because they had to pay more for imported goods, this led to the nullification crisis in South Carolina. The Tariff of 1828 was signed by Jackson.
Smuggling Smuggling is illegally importing and exporting goods.
Industrialization Industrialization is the change from hand made goods to machine goods. Energy and power changed from beasts to flowing water and then to steam engines.
Capitalist A capitalist is a person who invests their money into a business for a share in profit.
Urbanization Urbanization is the movement of people from rural areas to cities.
Working Conditions The working conditions in factories had poor lighting, little area, the machines were unsafe, there were long working hours; 12-14, and they had little ventilation.
Agricultural South Dependance on the North The south depended on the north. They would sell raw materials to Northern factories and borrowed money from northern banks to finance purchase of more land or slaves to increase production.
Conflicts with Native Americans Settlers interfered with Native American resources and broke many U.S. treaties as they moved west.
Trail of Tears Jackson kicked the Cherokees off their land in Georgia and forced them to move west to territory in Oklahoma. The trail was deadly and the Cherokee were unprepared. 25% died.
Texas Independence Texas lost their rights under the Mexican dictator, Santa Anna. They gained independence following a war with Mexico. Texas was republic for nine years before being annexed by the U.S.
Mexican American War Texas's annexation led to war with mexico over land disputed by Rio Grande. President Polk provoked war by sending troops to the disputed land. The U.S. gained the Mexican cession.
Created by: Leopardclaws