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Texas History Facts7

56 Facts: 7 Grade Texas History

The Declaration of Independence was signed on______. July 4, 1776
The Constitution of the United States was written in________. 1787
______ _______ _______purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803. President Thomas Jefferson
The Civil War was fought from____-_____. 1861-1865
A_______was a person who wanted to end slavery in the United States. abolitionist
A ______ is a tax on goods brought into a country. tariff
A________ _______ is a tax placed on goods from another country to protect the home industry. protective tariff
_________is a strong sense of loyalty to a state or section instead of to the whole country. Sectionalism
________is the belief that the United States should own all of the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Manifest Destiny
The______ _______ was a campaign against the sale or drinking of alcohol. Temperance Movement
________ ________ is a system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them. Representative Government
A______is a nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them. Republic
The Three Branches of Government are the _______,________,______. Legislative Branch, the Judicial Branch, and the Executive branch
______and_______is a system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches. Checks and Balances
___ _______is the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation. Free Enterprise
_________is the sharing of power between the states and the national government. Federalism
_________ ________is the practice of allowing each territory to decide for itself whether or not to allow slavery. Popular Sovereignty
______means to change. Amend
_________ ______are rights that cannot be given up, taken away or transferred. Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness are some of those rights. Unalienable rights
A_________is a form of government that is run for and by the people, giving people the supreme power. Democracy
__________means to approve by vote. Ratify
__________ ________is the right of the Supreme Court to judge laws passed by Congress and determine whether they are constitutional or not. Judicial Review
_________ ________are the original records of an event. They include eyewitness reports, records created at the time of an event, speeches, and letters by people involved in the event, photographs and artifacts. Primary Sources
______ ______ are the later writings and interpretations of historians and writers. Often____ ______, like textbooks and articles, provide summaries of information found in primary sources. Secondary Sources
________ ______ was the era in which a change from household industries to factory production using powered machinery took place. Industrial Revolution
The Declaration of Independence was a document written by _____ ______, declaring the colonies independence from England. Thomas Jefferson
The ______ _ _____was the first American constitution. It was a very weak document that limited the power of the Congress by giving states the final authority over all decisions. Articles of Confederation
The Constitution of the ____ ____ sets out the laws and principles of the government of the ____ ____. United States
The_____ __ _______ is the first ten amendments to the Constitution and detail the protection of individual liberties. Bill of Rights
The ______ _______ created two houses of Congress. One based on population, the other gave equal representation to each state. Great Compromise
_______ _________wrote the Declaration of Independence; became the 3rd President of the United States and purchased the Louisiana territory, doubling the size of the United States. Thomas Jefferson
_____ ______was the 7th President and leader of the original Democratic Party and a “President of the people”. He was also responsible for the Trail of Tears, which forced Native Americans west of the Mississippi River. Andrew Jackson
The _____ ____ _____ ended the Mexican War. The U.S. gained Mexican Cession. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Texas was annexed in ____ by the United States. This was one of the causes of war with Mexico. 1845
_____ _____ was the President of the Confederacy during the Civil War. Jefferson Davis
______ _ ____was the General of the Union Army and was responsible for winning the Civil War for the North. Ulysses S. Grant
_______ _ ____was the General of the Confederate Army. Robert E. Lee
______ ______was the 16th President of the United States who successfully put the Union back together only to be assassinated 5 days after the Civil War ended. Abraham Lincoln
_______ ______is considered to be the “Father of the Constitution”. James Madison
_______ ______was an escaped slave who became a Conductor on the Underground Railroad and helped over 300 slaves to freedom in the North. Harriet Tubman
____ ____ _ ____was the Supreme Court decision that said slaves were property and not citizens. Dred Scott v. Sanford
The ______ ____was an invention by Eli Whitney that speeded the cleaning of cotton fibers and in effect, increased the need for slaves. Cotton Gin
The successful use of the steamboat by______ ______ revolutionized transportation and trade in the United States. Robert Fulton
The ______ ______ states that “Congress shall make no law” restricting freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition. First Amendment
The ______ _________ guarantees the right of states to organize militias, or armies, and the right of individuals to bear arms. Second Amendment
The ______ _______ forbids the government to order private citizens to allow soldiers to live in their homes. Third Amendment
The ________ _______requires that warrants be issued if property is to be searched or seized (taken) by the government. Fourth Amendment
The ____ _________ protects an accused person from having to testify against him or herself (self-incrimination); bans double jeopardy, and guarantees that no person will suffer the loss of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. Fifth Amendment
The ____ ___________ guarantees the right to a speedy public trial by an impartial jury; the right to a lawyer; the right to cross examine witnesses; and the right to force witnesses at a trial to testify. Sixth Amendment
The ______ _________ guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil suits. Seventh Amendment
The ______ ______ prohibits cruel and unusual punishment and excessive bail or fines. Eighth Amendment
The ____ ______ states that the people have rights other than those specifically mentioned in the Constitution. Ninth Amendment
The ___ _________ states that powers not given to the federal government belong to the states. Tenth Amendment
The _____ _______ abolished slavery. Thirteenth Amendment
The ______ _______ guarantees citizenship and rights to all people born or naturalized in the United States. Fourteenth Amendment
The ______ ______ guarantees the right to vote to all citizens regardless of race. Fifteenth Amendment
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