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Texas History Facts7
56 Facts: 7 Grade Texas History
|The Declaration of Independence was signed on______.
|July 4, 1776
|The Constitution of the United States was written in________.
|______ _______ _______purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803.
|President Thomas Jefferson
|The Civil War was fought from____-_____.
|A_______was a person who wanted to end slavery in the United States.
|A ______ is a tax on goods brought into a country.
|A________ _______ is a tax placed on goods from another country to protect the home industry.
|_________is a strong sense of loyalty to a state or section instead of to the whole country.
|________is the belief that the United States should own all of the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
|The______ _______ was a campaign against the sale or drinking of alcohol.
|________ ________ is a system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them.
|A______is a nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them.
|The Three Branches of Government are the _______,________,______.
|Legislative Branch, the Judicial Branch, and the Executive branch
|______and_______is a system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches.
|Checks and Balances
|___ _______is the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation.
|_________is the sharing of power between the states and the national government.
|_________ ________is the practice of allowing each territory to decide for itself whether or not to allow slavery.
|______means to change.
|_________ ______are rights that cannot be given up, taken away or transferred. Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness are some of those rights.
|A_________is a form of government that is run for and by the people, giving people the supreme power.
|__________means to approve by vote.
|__________ ________is the right of the Supreme Court to judge laws passed by Congress and determine whether they are constitutional or not.
|_________ ________are the original records of an event. They include eyewitness reports, records created at the time of an event, speeches, and letters by people involved in the event, photographs and artifacts.
|______ ______ are the later writings and interpretations of historians and writers. Often____ ______, like textbooks and articles, provide summaries of information found in primary sources.
|________ ______ was the era in which a change from household industries to factory production using powered machinery took place.
|The Declaration of Independence was a document written by _____ ______, declaring the colonies independence from England.
|The ______ _ _____was the first American constitution. It was a very weak document that limited the power of the Congress by giving states the final authority over all decisions.
|Articles of Confederation
|The Constitution of the ____ ____ sets out the laws and principles of the government of the ____ ____.
|The_____ __ _______ is the first ten amendments to the Constitution and detail the protection of individual liberties.
|Bill of Rights
|The ______ _______ created two houses of Congress. One based on population, the other gave equal representation to each state.
|_______ _________wrote the Declaration of Independence; became the 3rd President of the United States and purchased the Louisiana territory, doubling the size of the United States.
|_____ ______was the 7th President and leader of the original Democratic Party and a “President of the people”. He was also responsible for the Trail of Tears, which forced Native Americans west of the Mississippi River.
|The _____ ____ _____ ended the Mexican War. The U.S. gained Mexican Cession.
|Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
|Texas was annexed in ____ by the United States. This was one of the causes of war with Mexico.
|_____ _____ was the President of the Confederacy during the Civil War.
|______ _ ____was the General of the Union Army and was responsible for winning the Civil War for the North.
|Ulysses S. Grant
|_______ _ ____was the General of the Confederate Army.
|Robert E. Lee
|______ ______was the 16th President of the United States who successfully put the Union back together only to be assassinated 5 days after the Civil War ended.
|_______ ______is considered to be the “Father of the Constitution”.
|_______ ______was an escaped slave who became a Conductor on the Underground Railroad and helped over 300 slaves to freedom in the North.
|____ ____ _ ____was the Supreme Court decision that said slaves were property and not citizens.
|Dred Scott v. Sanford
|The ______ ____was an invention by Eli Whitney that speeded the cleaning of cotton fibers and in effect, increased the need for slaves.
|The successful use of the steamboat by______ ______ revolutionized transportation and trade in the United States.
|The ______ ______ states that “Congress shall make no law” restricting freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition.
|The ______ _________ guarantees the right of states to organize militias, or armies, and the right of individuals to bear arms.
|The ______ _______ forbids the government to order private citizens to allow soldiers to live in their homes.
|The ________ _______requires that warrants be issued if property is to be searched or seized (taken) by the government.
|The ____ _________ protects an accused person from having to testify against him or herself (self-incrimination); bans double jeopardy, and guarantees that no person will suffer the loss of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
|The ____ ___________ guarantees the right to a speedy public trial by an impartial jury; the right to a lawyer; the right to cross examine witnesses; and the right to force witnesses at a trial to testify.
|The ______ _________ guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil suits.
|The ______ ______ prohibits cruel and unusual punishment and excessive bail or fines.
|The ____ ______ states that the people have rights other than those specifically mentioned in the Constitution.
|The ___ _________ states that powers not given to the federal government belong to the states.
|The _____ _______ abolished slavery.
|The ______ _______ guarantees citizenship and rights to all people born or naturalized in the United States.
|The ______ ______ guarantees the right to vote to all citizens regardless of race.