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s.s exam review1

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QuestionAnswer
What were the Halifax Resolves? Declared Nc independence after American Revolution.
Whig Party If you were a whig, you had a seat in Government.
Tories Had a seat in Government, but a Loyalist.
Thomas Jefferson Wrote Declaration of Independence, President number three, George Washingtons Cabinet, Sec. Of State, Virginian, Louisiana purchase, Anti-Federalist.
John Adams President number 2, Helped with declaration of Independence, federalist, trys to stop french raiding, XYZ(unknown three) tried to bribe us, US didnt accept.
Provincial Congress/ Continental Congress Provincial Congress -State Gov. Continental Congress - Federalist Gov.
Richard Caswell 1st NC Gov. after independence.
Loyalist/Patriots
George Washington French and Indian war, Federalist in American Revolution, Whisky Tax, President #1
Alexander Hamilton National Bank , George Washington's Cabinet, Secretary of Treasury , Federalist
Charles Cornwallis Commander of British Army during American Revolution, Surrendered at Yorktown
Partisans Helped in army – Weren’t “in” the Army - Ethan Allen – Francis Marion
Ethan Allen From Vermont. He lead the Green Mountain boys in a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga. Allen knew that the fort held cannons that the colonist could use. British ended up surrendering the fort, and they Green Mountain Boys won a valuable supply of canno
Nathan Hale Captured by the British soldiers, and hung. Famous for saying "Only regret was that I have but one life to lose for my country"
Colonel Prescott Famous for "Don't shoot until you see the white s of their eyes" at Lexington
Hessians
Who was surrounded by land and sea and was forced to surrender British troops at Yorktown, Virginia, thus ending the war? Cornwallis
Government officials who favored American independence were also known as _____ Whigs
After the initial battle of the American Revolution, British troops marched on to ________ to seize the colonial arsenal Concord
The continental congress ordered _____ to go to France to request military aid. Franklin
In 1783, the _________ was signed, officially ending the American Revolution Treaty of Paris
Appomattox Final Battle of the Civil War
Monroe Doctrine Americans will not get involved in European affairs. Europeans will not get involved in American affairs.
Election of 1824 John Quincy Adams wins electoral vote, Jackson wins popular votes. House of reps. decides president, and Henry Clay (Speaker of the house) picks. Jackson believed that Henry Clay was promised a high cabinet positions if Adams won. Adams did win. .
Trail of Tears Monroe issues indian removal act, doesnt follow through with it, Andrew Jackson does. Georgia says this act was unjust and unconstitutional , but Andrew Jackson still went through with it.
Louisiana Purchase Jefferson purchased the land from Napoleon for 15 million. Lewis and Clark and Zebulon explored it.
Missouri Compromise Made Maine come in as free, Missouri as slave. 36 Degree 30. North of parallel was free, south was slave.
Compromise of 1850 Fugitive slave law being enforced made south happy, and future territory admitted under popular sovereignty made them happy. California coming in free and banning slave trade in Washington D.C. made the north happy.
Kansas Nebraska Act Negated Missouri Compromise by 36 30
William Lloyd Garrison Extreme Abolitionist who would have used physical force to prevent slavery. Had a newspaper called the liberator, who's focus was to abolish slavery.
Manifest Destiny For Country to run from ocean to ocean
Mexican Cession Component of treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, U.S takes New Mexico and California. They had to pay Mexico 15 million, but original offer was 30 million. They also had to respect the rights of Spanish People.
James K. Polk President during Mexican war. Added dramatically to Manifest destiny and practically completed it.
Dred Scott Attempted to sue for his freedom. He was a personal slave of a doctor. He lived in Missouri. He went with his master, who was dying, to Illinois, where he became free. When he sued, he was denied because he was property and property can't sue for freedom
Embargo Act Attempt to stop impressment and seizure that failed issued by Jefferson.
What did President Jefferson do in an attempt to alleviate the problems the United States was having with Great Britain and France?
List three advantages the South had in the Civil War 1) Home field advantage - Southern Soldiers knew lay of the land better. 2) Strong Generals - military life was strong in South and many generals graduates of West Point 3) defending their homes when fighting to defend home and family incentive to fight i
Sam Adams Sons Of Liberty, Patriot, Lawyer
Patrick Henry Virginia Governor, "Give me liberty or give me death"
Thomas Paine Quaker, Author of "Common Sense"
Paul Revere Night Rider, "The british are coming"
King George III Reigning during the war
Marquis De Lafayette George Washington's General, French, Excellent General.
Benedict Arnold Got demoted and switched sides to Britain, and gave information to the British
John Paul Jones Navy, "I have not yet begun to fight", Defeated Serapis
Francis Marion Partisan, SC swamp fox, Attacked from swamps
Stamp Act Tax on all official documents, This was to pay off french and indian war debt
Sugar act Tax on sugar and molases
Quartering Act British Army said colonist had to House and feed Soliders
Declaratory act Response to US anger towards int. act which shut down boston harbor
Townshend Act Taxes on lead, paper, glass,and tea.
Proclamation of 1763 At the end of french and indian war Forbid Colonial Settlement West of App. Mountains
Boston Massacre- Leading Up to American Revolution – Riot – Shot Fired – British Killed 5 Colonists
Boston Tea Party Leading up to AR – Led By Sam Adams + sons of liberty, East indian tea company Tea was all dumped in harbor, This led to Coercive Act and Declaratory Act.
Battle of Lexington- Open of American Revolution – “Shot Heard Round the World”
Battle of Bunker Hill- 1st Major battle of American Revolution
Prescott- “Don’t Shoot until you see the whites of their eyes“
Battle of Trenton- Mercenaries (Hired Soldiers) – Hessians – Significance: GW Troops Dying – GW Stole from Hessians To keep his troops alive.
Battle of Yorktown Battle of Yorktown- Cornwallis Surrender brits – Virginia – During AR
Battle Between Bonhomme Richard and Serapis- John Paul Jones, John Paul Jones won.
Committee of Correspondence Responsible for communicating Colonial News/laws/ ect. To colonists -
Committee of Safety- Responsible for keeping everyone “in-Check” especially NonPatriots
Mercenaries Hired Soldiers
Treaty of Paris 1783 - Ended AR – Set US borders – CANADA to Florida— Mississippi to East
Nathan Hale- “ My only regret is that I have but one life to loose for my county” –
Washingtons Cabinet -Thomas jefferson (secretary of State) Anti federalist or Republican - Favored State Rights – Feared Fed Gov- Didn’t want National Bank – war hawk- expantionist - - AH ( Secretay for treasury) Supported National Bank - Federalist – Supported GB -
Jay's Treaty Jay’s Treaty- Similar to XYZ,GW tried to address Seizing of our Ships,GW sends John Jay – Jay says he agreed with English to England will withdrawal from US soil/pay Us back for ship Damages/doesn’t address impressments and seizer,Nothing came out of this
War of 1812 Caused over impressments and seizer Prez Madison – Madison a Warlike – Madison was An AF –War declared against Brits – “Mr. Madison’s War” Treaty of ghent,signed in Belgium,Treaty was nothing gained/nothing lost,just ended the war James Madison wrote BOR
Rip Van Winkle State - NC no Progress in 20 years – Good old boys wanted control
New Jersey Plan - Presented By Patterson – “representation should be equal for all state”
Virginia Plan- Presented By Randolf – “ Representation should be based on population”
Great Compromise- Rodger Sherman from Connecticut – “Connecticut Plan” –Presented A 2 House Legislature: -New Jersey plan in senate - Virginia plan in House of Reps.
James Monroe- Stable time in history – his term known as era of good feeling –
Election of 1824 – Monroe won electoral vote –JQA won Popular vote – Monroe won – JQA was un-happy – JQA Ran again and became Prez
Battle of Lexington and Concord Shot heard around the world, April 1775, American Victory , Gage serving for British, Parker (Minute men leader (80 people)) Serving for the Americans
Battle of Bunker Hill Howe serving for British, Prescott serving for Americans. Boston fell to British after 3 tries. {Costly win to British because of high death toll}
Battle of Trenton Hessians serving for the British, George Washington Serving for the Americans, American Victory, December '76. Crossed Delaware river and surprised Hessians on Christmas day. Moral Victory. (Stiry to re-enlist)
Battle of Saratoga New York, October '77. Gentleman Johnny Burgoyne and Howe serving for british, Horatio Gates, and Ethan Allen serving for Americans. Turning point in the war, kept brits out of New Eng. Boosted Morale for A's, Convinced France ally w/ america
Lee commanding general for the South/turned down Lincoln ᾼs offer to command Union troops because of family in southern states/surrendered to Grant at Appomattox in Virginia-
McClellan slow to move/did not want to engage troops in battle/fired after Antietam/ran for president but defeated by Lincoln
Grant: Forts Henry/Donelson/important Tenessee forts on tributaries of Mississippi/high casualties at Shiloh
Jackson (Stonewall Jackson) nickname came from order at First Bull Run/professor at VMI/died of infection after friendly fire accident at Chancellorsville-
Gettysburg June, 1863, Meade Serving for Union, Longstreet, Lee, Pickett serving for Confederate.
King Cotton Diplomacy The Confederates would fight a defensive war until northeners got tired of fighting. If the war became unpopular in the North, President Lincoln would have to stop the war, and recognize the South's independence.
Anaconda Plan Union Planned to use its navy to blockade southern ports. This would cut off the South's supply of manufactured goods from Europe. They also aimed to Seize Richmond, Virginia (Confederate Capitol) They thought this might end the war. Seize mississipi rive
Secede Separate from the Union
Lincoln 16th President, President during the civil war
Richmond , Virginia Confederate Capital
Bull Run July 1861 , Virginia , McDowell serving for Union, Jackson serving for Confederate. Jackson earns his nickname "Stonewall JAckson: 1st Major battle of civil war. Message to the north that it was not going to be an easy war.
Antietam Sept, 1862, Maryland. Union general, McClellan, Confederate, Lee. Lee loses battle plans
fort sumter charleston sc, -union general: anderson, confederate general: beuargard, april 1861, 1st battle, "staged
Who was the president during the republic of Texas? Sam Houston
What treaty ended the War of 1812? Treaty of Ghent
War Hawks wanted to do what? Move Indians to reservations and go to war with great britain
appomattox last battle of the civil war, union: grant. Confederate: Lee and Gordon.
The Missouri Compromise was important because?
fort henry/ fort dawson: tennesee, union plan: anaconda plan, missippii, u.s. grant
With congressional approval, who declared war on great britain in June 1812? President Madison
Created by: csalo2