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SS - Chapter 13


mountain men explorers and fur traders who were the first to move west; provided valuable knowledge that enabled later pioneers to travel west
Jedediah Smith Mountain man; one of the few well-intentioned explorers who aimed to help others by opening up the west; his experience proved how dangerous the west is.
Jim Beckworth At age 25, joined a group of fur traders going west and in time became a daring mountain man; discovered a mountain pass that became the route into present day northern Californi
Mormon a member of a church founded by Joseph Smith in 1830
Oregon trail a trail that ran westward from independence, Missouri, to the Oregon Territory
Sante Fe trail a trail that began on Missouri and ended in Santa Fe, New Mexico
Land Speculator a person who buys huge ares of land for a low price and then sells off small sections of it at high prices
Brigham Young the next Mormon Leader, moved his people out of the U.S
Mexican Cession included various states in the southwest: half of New Mexico
Manifest Destiny the belief that the U.S was destined to stretch across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
Winfield Scott led the second force at Vercruz on the Gulf of Mexico and battled inland toward Mexico City
Zachary Taylor ordered by Polk to station troops on the northern bank of the Rio Grande
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo the 1848 treaty ending the U.S war with Mexico; ceded nearly one-half of its land to the U.S
James K. Polk America's first "dark horse" a canidate who received unexpected support
Bear Flag Revolt the 1846 rebellion by Americans against Mexican rule in California
Stephen Austin persuaded the New Mexican government to let him start his colony
Tejano a person of Spanish heritage who consider Texas their home
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna the leader of the Mexicans; signed a treaty forcing Texas its freedom after the Battle of San Jacinto
Juan Seguin led a band of 25 Tejanos in support of revolt
William Travis head of the volunteers at Alamo
Sam Houston was placed in command of the Texas army
Lone Star Republic a nickname and proclaimed Texas an independent nation
Battle of the Alamo in 1836, Texans defeated a church called Alamo against the Mexican Army
James Fannin Goliath the second force leaded by William Travis at the Alamo
Created by: Missie508