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Vietnam Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Vietminh an organization of Vietnamese Communists and other nationalist groups that between 1946 and 1954 fought for Vietnamese independence from the French.
NVA North Vietnamese Army, as opposed to the Vietcong.
ARVN Army of the Republic of Vietnamthe southern Vietnamese soldiers with whom U.S. troops fought against communism and forces in the North during the Vietnam War.
Domino Theory the idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist control.
Geneva Accords peace agreement that divided Vietnam into Communist controlled North Vietnam and non-Communist South Vietnam until unification elections could be held in 1956.
Tonkin Gulf Resolution a resolution adopted by Congress in 1964 giving the president broad powers to wage war in Vietnam.
Guerilla Warfare fighting by stealth and with small bands that make surprise raids against stronger forces.
Vietcong the South Vietnamese Communists who, with North Vietnamese support, fought against the government of South Vietnam in the Vietnam War.
Agent Orange a toxic leaf killing chemical sprayed by U.S. planes in Vietnam to expose Vietcong hideouts
Napalm a gasolinebased substance used in bombs that U.S. planes dropped in Vietnam in order to burn away jungle and expose Vietcong hideouts.
Escalation Increasing the scope and intensity of fighting, as with more bombing.
Tet (Offensive) a massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities early in 1968.
Ho Chi Minh Trail a network of paths used by North Vietnam to transport supplies to the Vietcong in South Vietnam.
My Lai (Massacre) a village in northern South Vietnam where more than 200 unarmed civilians, including women and children, were massacred by U.S. troops in May 1968.
Vietnamization President Nixon’s strategy for ending U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, involving the gradual withdrawal of U.S. troops and their replacement with South Vietnamese forces.
Credibility Gap a public distrust of statements made by the government.
Draft Dodgers term for young Americans who evaded military service during the war.
Amnesty a pardon, given by President Jimmy Carter in 1977, to most of the 10,000 Vietnam-era draft evaders.
Silent Majority a name given by President Richard Nixon to the moderate, mainstream Americans who quietly supported his Vietnam War policies.
Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSS) emotional stress suffered by many Vietnam veterans after their return home.
War Powers Act a law enacted in 1973, limiting a president’s right to send troops into battle without considering Congress.
Created by: spencerfaulk