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Social Studies Ch 13

delegate a person chosen by people to represent them. White men who owned property.
Constitution May 1787. A new plan of government which replaced the Articles of Confederation.
amendments additions to the Constitution
veto to refuse to approve
President can check Congress's power President can veto laws
Judicial branch Supreme Court. Their job is to decide the meaning of laws.
Legislative Branch Congress. Their job is to make laws and raise money for government (taxes)
Executive branch President. His job is to carry out laws and run the government.
Northwest Ordinance When there are 60,000 people in a territory it could become a state. Promised settlers the same rights as all Americans except they couldn't enslave people.
James Madison He was a planter known as "The Father of the Constitution"
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments to the Constitution. Protects freedom of religion, speech, and the press.
Federal Government A system of government in which power is shared between the national government and the state governments. The United States has this.
First president of the United States. George Washington.
Cabinet Group of men who helped the president make informed decisions.
Checks and balances Keeps any one branch of government from becoming too powerful.
First plan of government adopted by congress. Articles of Confederation. The country was run by Congress, but the power remained with the states.
Federalist Party Run by Alexander Hamilton. He believed in a strong federal government, great cities, and busy factories.
Republican Party Run by Thomas Jefferson. He believed in peaceful, self-sufficient farms.
Preamble Found at the beginning of the Constitution. It lists the Constitution's goals.
Great Compromise Congress had two houses. The senate had two members from each state. The House of Representatives was based on population.
Republic Type of government where people elect representatives to run the country.
Created by: mbeaulier