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Lesson 1: Part III

English Colonization of North America, Phase I

Jamestown First legit settlement by the English. Very unsuccessful; mushy area, couldn't plant many crops, contaminated water, disease.
House of Burgesses First elective representative assembly in Virginia.
headright 50 acre lot in which people paid an annual rent for.
indentured servants Mostly single males who came to the New World to serve a single master for a certain amount of years.Were promised land after freedom, but were mostly cheated and continued to serve.
Act of Toleration Early attempt to establish religious toleration.
"stinking weed" Tobacco; huge crop in the New World and import in England.
Antinomianism The Spirit can live without Moral Law. Radical view that an individual was freed from obeying any laws of either the religious or secular variety upon accepting God’s grace and salvation.
Great Migration Puritan migration to the New England Colonies, "Puritan colony".
Roger Williams Religious ideas created controversy, preached separatism. Doubted predestination and argued that faith alone would guarantee one’s salvation. Was banned and went to Providence, Rhode Island.
Anne Hutchinson Posed a threat to the peace of the commonwealth. Believed in antinomianism. "Invited civil and religious anarchy." Spirit can live without Moral Law. Exiled and sent to Rhode Island.
John Winthrop Governor of Massachusetts Bay. Puritan.
joint-stock company Business organization that let people invest without fear of bankruptcy.
A Model of Christian Charity Winthrop told the immigrants that they were essentially on a mission from God to create a truly Christian society.
Congregationalism Innovative form of church government used by the Puritans. Each congregation was autonomous, appointing its own clergy and directing internal matters without oversight from a church bureaucracy.
Richard Hakulyt Still believed in the New World; contained valuable resources, raw materials. argued that English colonization of the Americas was a natural step in England becoming a great power.
Puritanism Religious reform; neurotic individuals who condemned liquor and sex, dress in drab clothes, and minded their neighbors' business.
Mayflower Compact First legal document to help govern the pilgrims; preserved from anarchy.
Glorious Revolution Protestant nation rose up in England and sent James into permanent exile. Altered course of English political history as well as the American colonies. Parliament removed Charles II and invited Mary and William to take over the throne.
Created by: mtk17