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CoLd WaR VoCaB

cold war vocab

Cold War: the ideological conflict between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics during the second half of the 20th century
Iron Curtain Iron Curtain: Name given the line that separated Western (Free) Europe and Soviet controlled communist East Europe
Superpower: an extremely powerful nation
Domino Theory Domino Theory: a theory that if one nation becomes Communist-controlled the neighboring nations will also become Communistcontrolled
Communism: a final stage of society in Marxist theory in which the state has withered away and economic goods are distributed equitably
Satellite Nation: a country that is dominated politically and economically by another nation.
Sphere of Influence Sphere of Influence: an area not within its own borders where the interest of one large nation are considered to be supreme.
Berlin Airlift Berlin Airlift: a 327- day operation in which U.S and British planes flew food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviets blockaded the city in 1948.
Containment Containment: the blocking of another nation’s attempt to spread its influence, especially the efforts of the United States to block the spread of Soviet influence during the late 1940s and early 1950s.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO): a defensive military alliance formed in 1949 by ten Western European countries, the United States, and Canada
Ballistic Missile Ballistic Missile: a rocket-powered object, often carrying a nuclear warhead, which is shot into the air and hits its ground target after a free fall.
Collective Security: Collective Security: a system of maintaining world peace and security by concerted action on the part of the nations of the worldv
Subversives: people who work secretly inside a country to overthrow the government.
Blacklist: a list of about 500 actors, writers, producers, and directors who were not allowed to work on Hollywood films because of their alleged Communist connections.
Brinkmanship: the practice of threatening an enemy with massive military retaliation for any aggression.
Limited War Limited War: President Truman’s plan to keep the Korean War on the Korean Peninsula, rather than enlarging it by attacking China or using nuclear weapons.
United Nations United Nations: an international peacekeeping organization to which most nations in the world belong, founded in 1945 to promote world peace, security, and economic development.
Berlin Wall: a concrete wall that separated East Berlin and West Berlin from 1961 to 1989, built by the Communist East German government to prevent its citizens from fleeing to the
Hotline Hotline: a communication link established in 1963 to allow the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union to contact each other in times of crisis.
Peaceful Coexistence Peaceful Coexistence: competition without war, or a policy of peace between nations of widely differing political systems and ideologies, especially between Communist and non-Communist nations
Détente Détente: the flexible policy, involving a willingness to negotiate and an easing of tensions that was adopted by President Richard Nixon and his adviser Henry Kissinger in their dealings with communist nations.