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Lesson 1: Part 1

Clashing Cultures in the New World

Algonquin Eastern Woodland Culture - Different dialects, didn't develop strong ties, willing to ally themselves with others who held the same interests.
Agricultural Revolution Shift to basic crops. Provided a more reliable store for food.
Anasazi New Mexico - Technologically sophisticated networks: irrigation of canals, transportation system -roads/highways.
potlatch ceremony American Indians - Competing leaders held a banquet and tried to outdo one another in their generosity to fellow members.
shamans Religious guides of tribes;duties included the practice of medicine since most Indians believed that illness was caused by the offending of a spirit or spirits.
ethnocentrism belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group
stateless societies A society lacking a central government; largely autonomous communities organized around lineage structures.
mutual obligation While peasants were bound to provide their lords with food and services, aristocrats did the same and provided security and supplies to their peasants.
dual-sex principle each sex handling its own affairs, disputes, or problems.
feudalism Complicated social, economic, and political system that had European society overwhelmingly concerned with power, rank, and social order.
Renaissance introduced many Europeans to the concept of Humanism.
Protestant Reformation A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.
Priesthood of All Believers Argued that formally educated clerics might be nice to have but were unnecessary in maintaining one's spiritual life with God.
Humanism Places the human form, rather than God, at the center of investigation, inquiry, thought, and art.
anticlericalism Opposes the clergy for reasons including their power and influence in all aspects of public and political life and their involvement with citizens; helped start religious reformation in England.
Created by: mtk17
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