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A Divided War

The Civil War and Reconstruction

Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi River, and to take an army through heart of South. Anaconda Plan
A government order preventing trade with another country. Embargo
Commander of Union army and was very aggresive. He became president 8 years later. Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force. Robert E. Lee
Issued by Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862, it declared that all slaves in the rebellious Confederate states would be free. Emancipation Proclamation
A group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War. Copperheads
A person can't be held in prison without first being charged with a crime. Habeas Corpus
The constitutional amendment ratified after the Civil War that forbade slavery and involuntary servitude. Thirteenth Amendment
Organization run by the army to care for and protect southern Blacks after the Civil War. Freedmen's Bureau
Lincoln's plan that allowed a Southern state to form its own government afetr ten percent of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the United States. Ten Percent Plan
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves. Black Codes
A secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep african americans from obtaining their civil rights. Ku Klux Klan
In 1866 the Civil Rights Act was created to grant citizenship to blacks and it was an attempt to prohibit the black codes. It also prohibited racial discrimination on jury selection. Civil Rights Act
A constitutional amendment giving full rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States, except for American Indians. Fourteenth Amendment
The law that put southern states under US military control and required them to draft new constitutions upholding the 14th amendment. A period of radical reconstruction. Reconstruction Acts
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1870 to extend suffrage to African Americans. Fifteenth Amendment
Northerners who went to the South during Reconstruction. They carried their belongings in carpetbags, and most intended to settle in the South and make money there. Carpetbagger
A system of farming where farmers rented their land from the landowner, and were allowed to grow what ever crop the prefered. Tenant Farming
The political deal that gave the presidency to Hayes and ended reconstruction. Compromise of 1877
Term that identified southern promoters' belief in the technologically advanced industrial South. New South
The unsuccessful plan that set aside 45 million acres of government-owned land in several southern states to provide free farms for African. Southern Homestead Act
Term used to describe Southern white Republicans who had opposed secession. Scalawags
Created by: CoachSweitzer