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Progressive Movement

Chapter 21 - The Progressive Movement

TermDefinition
Progressives Believed society had an obligation to protect all of its members and focused on helping those with little power or wealth
political machines powerful organizations linked to political parties that controlled local government in many cities
political bosses the heads of political machines
Tammany Hall The New York City Democratic Party political machine that became a symbol of corruption
Boss Tweed The head of Tammany Hall. Eventually sent to prison for corruption.
spoils system the rewarding of political supporters with jobs and favors.
Sherman Antitrust Act the first federal law to attempt to control trusts and monopolies
socialists believed a nation's resources and major industries should be owned and operated by the government on behalf of the people
muckrakers people who brought to light the underlying problems and corruption in society
Ida Tarbell muckraker who focused her writings on the practices of the Standard Oil Company
Upton Sinclair muckraker who wrote The Jungle, which described the horrors of the meatpacking industry. Led to the Meat Inspection Act
initiative allowed citizens to place a measure or issue on the ballot in a state election
referendum gave voters the opportunity to accept or reject measures that the state legislature enacted
recall allowed voters to remove unsatisfactory elected officials from their jobs.
Seventeenth Amendment mandated the direct election of senators by the people (before this, senators had been chosen by state legislators)
suffrage the right to vote
suffragists men and women that fought for women's suffrage
Nineteenth Amendment allowed for women's suffrage
prohibition the passing of laws to prohibit the sale or manufacture of alcohol
Eighteenth Amendment Prohibited the manufacture or sale of alcohol (The Prohibition Amendment)
trustbuster nickname of Theodore Roosevelt because of his push to break up bad trusts
conservation the protection and preservation of natural resources
Sixteenth Amendment gave Congress the power to tax people's income (Income Tax)
Created by: mrfordglobal