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Foley Civil Rights

TermDefinition
Civil Disobedience Refusal to obey an unjust law.
Boycott Tactic that calls for people to refrain from purchasing a good or service until enough economic damage is done that a wrong can be remedied.
Sit-In Tactic that calls for people to peacefully occupy a space they are legally not allowed to be in.
Freedom Ride Tactic whereby a bus full of people moves from town to town committing sit-ins and other acts of civil disobedience.
Segregation Separation of one group from another and enforced by law.
Discrimination Treating one group differently based on a prejudice.
Prejudice Judging something before you know the facts.
Birmingham, Alabama The most segregated city in the South, target of Martin Luther King, Jr and the SCLC
Children's March Arrest of thousands of young people in an effort to overwhelm the system after the city of Birmingham refused to integrate after a failed boycott by Martin Luther King, Jr
Ku Klux Klan Terrorist organization established after Reconstruction to, by force or intimidation, keep freed slaves from exercising political rights
Sharecropping System that had freed slaves borrowing land and seed from former slave owners, resulting in a never-ending cycle of debt and poverty
Jim Crow Laws Black codes and laws set up throughout the South after Reconstruction to segregate the society
Plessy v Ferguson Supreme Court Case that established the idea of "separate but equal" and provided the legal basis for segregation
Brown v Board of Education Supreme Court Case that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson and ruled that "separate but equal" was unconstitutional
Reconstruction Period after the Civil War when the South was supposed to be reconstructed as a society that would accept freedom for African Americans
13th Amendment Ended slavery
14th Amendment Defined citizenship
15th Amendment The right to vote shall not be abridged on account of skin color
Civil Rights Act 1964 Outlawed discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity, religion, or heritage
Created by: mrfoley