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Second Stack02.

European Monarchs Ch 21, Ch 22, Ch 23

Absolute Monarch A king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control all aspects of society.
Edict of Nantes A 1598 declaration in which the French King Henry IV promised that Protestants could live in Peace in France and could set up houses of worship in some French cities.
Boyars Landowning nobles of Russia.
Restoration The period of Charles II's rule over England, after the collapse of Oliver Cromwell's government.
Constitutional Monarchy A monarchy in which the ruler's power is limited by law.
Divine Right The idea that monarchs are God's representatives on earth are therefore answerable only to god.
Westerniaztion An adoption of the social, political, or economic institutions of Western- especially European or American countries.
Heliocentric Theory The idea that earth and the other planets revolve around the sun.
Enlightment In Buddhism, a state of perfect wisdom in which one understands basic truths about the universe.
Philosophe One of a group of social thinkers in France during the Enlightenment.
Separation of Powers The assignment of executive, legislative, and judicial powers to different groups of officials in a government.
Salon A social gathering of intellectuals and artists, like those held in the homes of wealthy women in Paris and other European cities during the Enlightenment.
Scientific Method A logical procedure for gathering information about the natural world, in which experimentation and observation are used to test hypotheses.
Natural Rights John Locke- the rights of life, liberty, and property.
Estates General Assembly of representatives from all three of the estates, or social classes, in France.
Tennis Court Oath Pledge made by the members of France's Nation Assembly in 1789, in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution.
Great Fear A wave of senseless panic that spread through the French countryside after the storming of Bastille in 1789.
Emigres People who live their native countries for political reasons, like the nobles and others who fled France during the peasant uprisings during the French Revolution.
Sans Culottes In the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government.
Guillotine A machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution during the French Revolution.
Reign of Terror Robespierre ruled France nearly as a dictator, killing normal citizens.
Coup Detat Sudden seizure of political power in a nation.
Old Regime The political and social system that existed in France before the French Revolution.
Plebiscite Direct vote in in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal.
Lycee Government- run public schools in France.
Blockade Use of troops or ships to prevent commercial traffic from entering or leaving a city or region.
Continental System Napoleons's policy of preventing trade between Britain and continental Europe, intended to destroy Britain's economy.
Hundred Days Napoleon becomes emperor again.
Congress of Vienna Series of meetings in 1814-1815, during which the European leaders sought to establish long- lasting peace and security after the defeat of Napoleon.
Bastille A fortress in Paris built in the 14th century and used in the 17th–18th centuries as a state prison.
Legitimacy The hereditary right of a monarch to rule.
Created by: Teairus_xoxo
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