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Rome

Rome Test

QuestionAnswer
Why was Rome on a hillside? To make it easier to defend
Who were Rome's founders? Romulus and Remus
What two neighbors influenced early Rome? The Greeks and Etruscans
What did the Romans learn from the Etruscans? The learned engineering (the arch and cuniculus)
What did the Romans learn from the Greeks? Architecture
When was Rome founded? 753 B.C.E.
When was Tarquinius the proud overthrown? 509 B.C.E.
What was the Latium plain like? Hot, dry summers and cold, wet winters
What river was Rome on the banks of? The Tiber river
When did the Etruscans move to Rome? 575 B.C.E.
What is the difference between the western and eastern sections of the country? The western side had fertile land while the eastern side had rocky land
Why was Italy attractive to invaders? Because there was fertile land and good harbors
Why was it hard to attack Italy from the north? Because you would have to go through the alps.
During the time of the games at the coliseum Rome had what fraction of the world population? 1/5
What is the name of the only building from Ancient Rome that remains intact? The Pantheon
Who was responsible for building the Partheon? Hadrien
In what year did Caesar declare himself dictator? 46 BCE
Who took over as dictator after Caesar? Octavian Augustus
How long did "Pax Romana" last? About 2 centuries
What sort of items did the Romans get from Syria? Chinese silks and glassware
What sort of items did the Romans get from south of Arabia? Perfumes and incents
Why was Petra some important to the Romans spreading their power east? Petra was the only way to go through the jordidian mountains which was a center of trade.
What is the name of the structure that lay at the northern border of Rome's empire on the British Isles? Hadreans wall
Where was the last battle of second Punic War? Zama
Which Branch of the Roman republic had most power and why? Senate because they controlled the treasury
In what year were Plebians and Patricians equally powerful? 287 BCE
In what Punic War was Sicily fought over? First Punic War
Who built the Pantheon? Augustus Octavian
Which ruler started Pax Romana and when? Augustus Octavian in 27 BCE
What does Pax Romana mean? Peace of Rome
Which parts of government in Rome and the US make laws? Senate and Legislative
Name 3 populars? Julius Caesar, Sallust, Gracchus brothers, Sparticus
Who started the first Roman dynasty? Augustus Octavian
Who ended the first Roman dynasty? Nerro
Who was Romes first Emperor? Augustus Octavian
Which Emperor was known for being selfish and cruel but promoted art? Nero
Which emperor killed himself at the end of his reign because he was so disliked that his most loyal would not even help him escape? Nero
Which ruler was intelligent with a passion for Greek philosophy and learning? Hadrian
Which unpopular emperor helped reform the Roman legal system but was not interested in military conquest? Hadrian
Which Roman emperor was respected because of helping citizens? Trajan
Which emperor was know for bloodshed games (gladiator fights and chariot racing) and military conquest? Trajan
During the time of the games at the Coliseum what fraction of the worlds population was under its control. 1/5
What is the name of the only building in Ancient Rome still intact? The Pantheon
Who was responsible for building the Pantheon? Hadrien
What year did Caesar declare himself dictator? 46 BCE
Who took over as dictator after Caesar? Augustus
About how long did Pax Romana last? 2 centuries
What sort of items did the Romans get from Syria? Chinese silks, glassware
What sort of items did the Romans get from south of Arabia? Perfumes, incents
Why was Petra so important to the Romans spreading their power east? Because it was the only way to get through the Jordanian mountains
What is the name of the structure that lay at the norther border of Rome's empire on the British Isles? Hadrian's Wall
Created by: Cman99