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Race test 7

Name the secret route that escaped slaves took. Underground Railroad
Who campaigned to end slavery? Abolitionist
After Abraham Lincoln became President of the United States in 1860, some southern states seceded from the __________. Union
Who established a secret route that escaped slaves took? It became known as the "Underground Railroad." Harriet Tubman
Since Virginians were divided about secession from the Union this led to the creation of what? West Virginia
Who led a raid on the United States Armory (Arsenal) at Harper's Ferry, Virginia? He was trying to start a slave rebellion. He was captured and hanged. John Brown
Virginia seceded from the Union along with other southern states and they formed what? The Confederate States of America
Which states were known as the Union? The northern states
Which Confederate General played a major role in the Battle of Bull Run? Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Conflict grew between the ______ counties of Virginia that relied on slavery and ________ counties that favored abolition of slavery. The disagreement between the two regions of the state led to the formation of West Virginia. Eastern, Western
Who was the Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia who defeated Union troops at Fredericksburg, VA? General Robert E. Lee
Virginia played a significant role in the Civil War and became a major battleground between ________ and ________ troops. Union, Confederate
Which states were known as the confederacy? The Southern States
What was the first battle of the Civil War? The Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas)
Where was the capital of the Confederacy? Richmond
Lincoln used the Union ______ to blockade southern ports Navy
When did the Civil War end? April, 1865
Which two iron-clad ships battled in the waters near Norfolk and Hampton? The battle was fought to a draw. The Monitor (Union) and the Merrimack (Confederate)
Who won the Civil War? The North - The Union
Where did the Civil War end? Appomattox Court House, Virginia
Which General captured and burned Richmond near the end of the war? General Ulysses S. Grant
Who surrendered his army to Ulysses S. Grant to end the Civil War? Confederate General Robert E. Lee
What is the period following the Civil War called? The congress had passed laws designed to rebuild the country and bring the southern states back into the Union. Reconstruction
During Reconstruction millions of slaves needed what? Housing, clothing, food, jobs
What was a government agency that provided food, schools, and medical care for freed slaves and others in Virginia and the rest of the south? Freedmen's Bureau
During Reconstruction Virginia's ___________ was in ruins. Economy
Name the system common in Virginia after the war in which freed men and poor white farmers rented land from landowners by promising to pay the owner with a share of the crop. Sharecropping
Give two economic problems Virginia faced during Reconstruction. Money had no value, banks were closed, and railroads, bridges, plantations, and crops were destroyed.
Specifically who faced serious problems in rebuilding the state after the war? Virginians
Name two measures that were taken during Reconstruction to resolve Virginia's problems. Freedmen's Bureau Sharecropping
Who led a revolt against plantation owners in Virginia? Nat Turner
Created by: Providence4