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Allies In WWII, the group of nations originally consisting of Great Britain, France, and The Soviet Union and later joined by the U.S.
Axis Powers The group of nations including Germany, Italy, and Japan that opposed the Allies in World War II
Dictatorship A government in which one individual has absolute authority
Fascism A political philosophy that advocates a strong, centralized, nationalistic government headed by a powerful dictator
Totalitarian Characteristic of a political system in which the government exercises complete control over its citizen’s lives
Empire A group of nations ruled by one supreme authority
Aggression The practice of making unprovoked attacks against other nations
Appeasement The granting of concessions to a hostile power in order to keep the peace
Arsenal A government building or buildings where arms and other war supplies are manufactured or stored; also the war supplies themselves
GI From “government issue” applied to American soldiers in World War II and later wars
Lend-Lease Act A law, passed in 1941, that allowed the U.S. to ship arms and other supplies, without immediate payment, to nations fighting the Axis powers
Neutrality Acts A series of laws enacted in 1935 and 1936 to prevent U.S. arms sales and loans to nations at war
Nisei Children of Japanese immigrants born and educated in the U.S.
Executive Order Emergency rules made by the president which have the power of law
Internment Camps Confinement or a restriction in movement especially under wartime conditions; temporary prisons used for Nisei Americans after the attack on Pearl Harbor
Rationing A restriction of people’s right to buy unlimited amounts of particular foods and other goods, often implemented during wartime to ensure adequate supplies for the military
Kamikaze Involving or engaging in the deliberate crashing of a bomb-filled airplane into a military target; often used by Japanese pilots
Unconditional Surrender Giving up without any terms or conditions decided upon beforehand
Created by: spencerfaulk