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A Nation Divided

Events Leading to the Civil War

Forestalled the Civil War by instating the Fugitive Slave Act , banning slave trade in DC, admitting California as a free state, splitting up the Texas territory, and instating popular sovereignty in the Mexican Cession. Compromise of 1850
A law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves. It allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders. Fugitive Slave Act
Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, a book about a slave who is treated badly, in 1852. The book persuaded more people, particularly Northerners, to become anti-slavery. Harriet Beecher Stowe
Senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln. Wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and the Freeport Doctrine. Stephen Douglas
The concept that a States people should vote whether to be a slave state or free state. Popular Sovereignty
This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the Act. Kansas-Nebraska Act
One of the two major American political parties. It emerged in the 1850s as an antislavery party and consisted of former northern Whigs and antislavery Democrats. Republican Party
A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war imminent. "Bleeding Kansas"
An abolitionist who attempted to lead a slave revolt by capturing weapon arsenals in southern territory and giving weapons to slaves. He was hung in Harpers Ferry after capturing an Armory John Brown
A Missouri slave sued for his freedom, claiming that his four year stay in the northern portion of the Louisiana Territory made free land by the Missouri Compromise had made him a free man. Dred Scott Decision
16th president of the United States. He helped preserve the United States by leading the defeat of the secessionist Confederacy. He was an outspoken opponent of the expansion of slavery. Abraham Lincoln
1858 Senate Debate - Lincoln forced Douglas to debate issue of slavery, Douglas supported pop-sovereignty, Lincoln asserted that slavery should not spread to territories, Lincoln emerged as strong Republican candidate. Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Stated that exclusion of slavery in a territory could be determined by the refusal of the voters to enact any laws that would protect slave property. Freeport Doctrine
An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865. Jefferson Davis
A republic formed in February of 1861 and composed of the eleven Southern states that seceded from the United States. Confederate States of America
A last-ditch effort to resolve the secession crisis by compromise. It proposed to bar the government from intervening in the states' decision of slavery, to restore the Missouri Compromise, and to guarantee protection of slavery below the line. Crittenden Compromise
A gathering in Washington D.C. that began on February 4, 1861 whose goal was to offer a proposal that would keep the Union together. All of the northern states along with Kentucky, Tennesse, Maryland, Delaware, Missouri, Virginia, and NC were there. Peace Convention
Created by: CoachSweitzer