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Ch 21 Cold War

Spalding Academy 10th Grade 2013

QuestionAnswer
The willingness to go to the brink of war to force an opponent to back down Brinkmanship
To express a formal disapproval of an action Censure
The ideological and often confrontational conflict between the US and the USSR between 1946-1990 Cold War
The policy or process of preventing the expansion of a hostile power Containment
Radioactive particles dispersed by a nuclear explosion Fallout
Political and military barrier that isolated Soviet-controlled countries of E. Europe after WWII Iron curtain
A war fought with limited commitment of resources to achieve a limited objective, such as containing communism Limited war
A policy of threatening a massive response, including the use of nuclear weapons, against a Communist state trying to seize a peaceful state by force Massive retaliation
An informal relationship that some people believe exists between the military and the defense industry to promote greater military spending and influence government policy Military-industrial complex
A systematic attempt to overthrow a government by using persons working secretly from within Subversion
At which conference did FDR begin to worry about the security of European countries as the Soviets moved in on Berlin? A) Yalta Conference B) Tehran Conference C) Potsdam Conference D) Paris Conference A) Yalta
Which of the following countries did NOT have a zone of Germany when it was divided? A) Great Britain B) USSR C) France D) Italy D) Italy
Which of the following cities was the “front line” of the Cold War (where were tensions always the worst between the US and USSR)? A) Berlin B) Moscow C) London D) Paris A) Berlin
What was the Soviets’ primary concern following World War II? A) Increasing USSR security B) Spreading communism C) Promoting free trade D) Fighting capitalism A) security
What did leaders at the Yalta Conference decide about post-war Poland? A) Remove Communist gov’t + allow free elections. B) Keep Communist gov’t + allow free elections C) Poland divided into 4 zones. D) Install democratic gov’t + free elections B) Communist gov’t and free elections
The Marshall Plan was designed to fight communism by : A) Authorizing expansive military responses to USSR, B) Using political pressure to undermine USSR, C) Providing economic aid to struggling foreign nations, D) Increasing the US military arsenal C)
In 1953 __________ shocked Americans and led them to begin practicing bomb drills and building fallout shelters. A) The Rosenberg trial B) The McCarthy hearings C) The fall of China to communism D) The Soviet testing of the H-bomb D)
Eisenhower’s “New Look” for U.S. defense policy was to: A) Reduce military budget and close military bases, B) Increase the dependence on nuclear weapons, C) Increase foreign aid to struggling nations, D) Stage a series of small wars in Communist nations B)
Eisenhower’s covert operations suffered a defeat when Soviet forces crushed a CIA-inspired uprising in __________. A) Iran B) Guatemala C) Egypt D) Hungary D)
How did the Korean War affect American domestic and international policy? Answers may vary
How did the Truman doctrine and the Marshall Plan cause the United States to change its foreign policy goal of isolationism? Answers may vary
In your opinion, who was the most successful US president during the Cold War: Truman or Eisenhower? Why? Answers may vary
What year? Berlin Airlift begins 1948
What year? Cold War Begins 1946
What year? Cold War Ends 1990
What year? Communists take control of China 1949
What year? Congress censures McCarthy 1954
What year? HUAC begins public hearings 1947
What year? Iron Curtain Speech 1946
What year? Korean War Begins 1950
What year? Korean war ends 1953
What year? US creates NASA 1958
What year? USSR has atomic bomb 1949
What year? USSR launches Sputnik 1957
What year? Yalta Conference 1945
Which person? All Communists must register w/ US gov't McCarran Internal Security Act
Which person? Claims to have a list of 205 names of gov't officials that are Communist McCarthy
Which person? Communist leader of Guatemala Guzman
Which person? Creator of the European Recovery Program Marshall
Which person? Explains USSR goals in Long Telegram George Kennan
Which person? Leader of Chinese Communists Mao Zedong
Which person? Leader of Chinese Nationalists Chiang Kai-Shek
Which person? Leader of USSR at beginning of Cold War Stalin
Which person? Nationalizes Anglo-Iranian Oil Company Mossadegh
Which person? Pilot of US U-2 spy plane in USSR Powers
Which person? Soviet who defects to US. Reveals USSR plan to infiltrate US/Canadian gov't Gouzenko
Which person? US cracks USSR spy code Project Venona
Which person? US general in Korea MacArthur
Which person? US president from 1953-1961 Eisenhower
Which person? USSR leader in 1956 Khrushchev
Created by: rejoyce431