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US_HISTORY_CH_3

us history terms

TermDefinition
Mercantilism Belief in the benefits of profitable trading
Parliament The highest legislature, consisting of the sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons
Navigation Acts Were a series of laws that restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England.
Dominion of New England Was a short-lived administrative union of English colonies in the New England region.
Glorious Revolution The revolution against James II; there was little armed resistance to William and Mary in England although battles.
Salutary Neglect Salutary neglect was an undocumented, though long-standing British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws
Cash Crops A crop produced for its commercial value rather than for use by the grower.
Triangular Trade A pattern of colonial commerce in which slaves were bought on the African Gold Coast with New England rum and then traded in the West Indies for sugar or molasses, which was brought back to New England to be manufactured into rum.
Middle Passage the part of the Atlantic Ocean between the west coast of Africa and the West Indies: the longest part of the journey formerly made by slave ships
Enlightenment a philosophical movement of the 18th century, characterized by belief in the power of human reason and by innovations in political, religious, and educational doctrine.
Great Awakening the series of religious revivals among Protestants in the American colonies, especially in New England, lasting from about 1725 to 1770.
French and Indian War the war in America in which France and its Indian allies opposed England 1754–60: ended by Treaty of Paris in 1763.
Proclamation of 1763 King George III following Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War, in which it forbade settlers from settling past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains.
Sugar Act a law passed by the British Parliament in 1764 raising duties on foreign refined sugar imported by the colonies so as to give British sugar growers in the West Indies a monopoly on the colonial market.
Created by: tdrowatzky