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Westward Expansion

Expansion Leads to Conflict

This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. The idea that the nation had a God-given right to all of North America. Manifest Destiny
Trail which began in Missouri and ended in California; discovery of gold in 1848 in California at Sutter's Mill caused a flood of people to make a journey to the west coast. Santa Fe Trail
A route from Independence, Missouri, to Oregon City, Oregon, used by pioneers traveling to the Oregon Territory. Oregon Trail
In 1847, about 1,600 Mormons followed part of the Oregon Trail to Utah. They built a settlement by the Great Salt Lake. The Mormon's movement west to search for religious freedom. Mormon Trail
Polk was a slave owning southerner dedicated to Democratic party. In 1844, he was a "dark horse" candidate for president, and he won the election. Polk favored American expansion, especially advocating the annexation of Texas, California, and Oregon. James K. Polk
Period from1848 to 1856 when thousands of people came to California in order to search for gold. Gold Rush
A major overland emigrant route across the Western United States from Missouri to California in the middle 19th century. It was used by 250,000 farmers and gold-seekers to reach the California gold fields. Largely superseded by the railroads. California Trail
Service begun in 1860 that used a relay of riders on horses to deliver mail from Missouri to California in 10 days. Pony Express
Successful empresario that brought 300 families into Texas by 1825. Initially a moderate, but alarmed by Santa Anna's brutal treatment of rebels, he became a radical who wanted an independent Texas. Stephen F. Austin
Spanish word for a land agent whose job it was to bring in new settlers to an area Empresario
The 1836 rebellion in which Texas gained its independence from Mexico. It later joined the United States. Texas Revolution
United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States. Sam Houston
Mission in San Antonio where in 1836 Mexican forces under Santa Anna besieged and massacred American rebels who were fighting to make Texas independent of Mexico. Alamo
A way of living used by the Spanish in the Americas, in which settlements were designed to convert local Indians to Catholicism and make them into loyal Spanish subjects. Mission System
A conflict between the United States of America and Mexico because of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered part of its territory despite the 1836 Texas Revolution. Mexican America War
Agreement that ended the Mexican War, granting the U.S. control of Texas, New Mexico, and California in exchange for $15 million. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Land that Mexico gave to the United States after the Mexican War through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo; included in what is now California, Nevada, and Utah; most of Arizona and New Mexico and parts of Colorado, Texas, and Wyoming. Mexican Cession
He was elected Vice President and became the 10th President of the United States when Harrison died 1841-1845, President responsible for annexation of Mexico after receiving mandate from Polk, opposed many parts of the Whig program for economic recovery. John Tyler
General that was a military leader in Mexican-American War and 12th president of the United States. Sent by president Polk to lead the American Army against Mexico at Rio Grande, but defeated. Zachary Taylor
A revolt of American settlers in California against Mexican rule. It ignited the Mexican War and ultimately made California a state. Bear Flag Revolt
Created by: sweitzern2