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The Enlightenment

US History

TermDefinition
Enlightenment A time of optimism and possibility from the late 1600s to the late 1700s also called the Age of Reason
salons Gatherings in which intellectual and political ideas were exchanged during the Enlightenment
social contract An agreement between a people and their government stating that people would give up some of their freedom and in return their government would provide them with peace security and order
John Locke English philosopher/founder of British empiricism he developed political/economic theories during the Enlightenment. He wrote Two Treatises on Government in which he declared that people have a right rebel against governments that doesn't protect rights
Jean-Jacques Rousseau Swiss-French political philosopher he valued the social contract and addressed the nature of man in his work On the Origin of Inequality
Baron de Montesquieu French jurist and political philosopher who explored democratic theories of government divided into three branches and greatly influenced the United States Constitution
philosophes Philosophers of the Enlightenment
Voltaire French philosopher and author who was a supporter of Deism the idea that god was no longer involved with the universe after creating it and also advocated a tolerant approach to religion
enlightened despots The absolute monarch in the 18th century Europe who ruled according to the principles of the Enlightened
Stamp Act A law passed by the British Parliament that raised tax money by requiring the American colonists to pay for an official stamp whenever they bought paper items
Thomas Jefferson American statesman third president of the United States who was a member of the Continental Congresses chairmen of the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence the Declarations main author and one of its signers
Benjamin Franklin American statesman who was a philosopher scientist inventor writer publisher first US postmaster and member of the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence
George Washington First president of the United States who commanded the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War and served as a representative to the Continental Congress
Treaty of Paris The argument that was officially ended at American Revolution and established British recognition of the independence of the United States
James Madison American statesman who was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and the fourth president of the United States who was known as the Father of the Constitution
federal system A political and social system based on the granting of land in exchange for loyalty military assistance and other services
Created by: destinyredding