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Russia China & The b
birth of communisim
|Boyar: landowning nobles in Russia
|Westernization: using western Europe as a model for change
|Absolute monarch: kings or queens who held all of the power within their states’ boundaries.
|Provisional Government: temporary government
|Proletariat: in Marxist theory, the group of workers who would overthrow the czar and come to rule Russia
|Soviets: one of the local representative councils formed in Russia after the downfall of Czar Nicholas II
|Bolsheviks: a group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia’s government in November 1917
|Totalitarianism: government control over every aspect of public and private life
|Scientific method: logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas.
|Command economy: an economic system in which the government makes all economic decisions
|Great Purge: a campaign of terror in the Soviet Union during the 1930s, in which Stalin sought to eliminate all Communist Party members and other citizens who threatened his power.
|Commune: in Communist China, a collective farm on which a great number of people work and live together
|Collective Farms: a large government-controlled farm formed by combining many small farms
|May Fourth Movement
|May Fourth Movement: a national protest in China in 1919, in which people demonstrated against the Treaty of Versailles and foreign interference.
|Red Guards: militia units formed by young Chinese people in 1966 in response to Mao Zedong’s call for a social and cultural revolution