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Study Guide

TermDefinition
Declaration Of Independence Protects your natural rights:the rights to life,and liberty,and the pursuit of happiness
We The People Meand "EVERYONE" in the United States
Executive Branch Enforces the laws(President)
Legislative Branch Make the laws(Congress)
Judicial Branch Interprets the laws(Judges)
How a Bill becomes a Law 1.Congress come up with an idea for a bill 2.Congress votes-if it is approved, it goes to the President
Checks and Balances 1.The President can veto a Congeress bill/law Congress can overturn veto with 2/3 vote 2.The President can nominate new judges Congress must approve the judges 3.The Judicial branch can say a law from Congress is uncostitutional(bad)
State 2.issues drivers licenses, run elections,set up local governments
Local keep streets looking good, provides police and firemen,public schools and libraries, public transportation
Federal federal-Protection from other countries;prints money,collects income tax
Constitution Freedom of Expression-means you can do what you wan tto do;but if you do things illegal, or bad, there will be consequences(jail, etc.)
Constitution The Articles of Confederation-were written befroe the Constitution-it changed because it gave the states too much power, and it made the federal government weak
Constitution A republic-is a government in which citizens elect leaders(like in the U.S.)
Constitution Compromise-both sides give up something to come to an agreement
Constitution Ratify-means to accept it
Constitution Amendment-means to change it
Constitution We live in a Democracy-people have the power to make decisions
Bill of Rights Amendment 1-You can worship who/what you want;freedom of Speech;freedom of Expression
Bill of Rights Amendment 2-The right to own guns(when you are 18 years old)
Bill of Rights Amendment 3-You don't have to keep soilders in your house it you don't want to
Bill of Rights Amendment 4-The police need a warrant (reason)to search your home
Bill of Rights Amendment 5-You don't have to tell on yourself
Bill of Rights Amendment 6-You have a right to a speedy trial(so you don't sit in jail for years wating for a trial-go to court)
Bill of Rights Amendment 7-If you go to trial, and the problem is worth more than $20, you have a right to a jury(where people say if you are guilty/not guilty;and not the judge)
Bill of Rights Amendment 8-You have a right to bail if you go to jail(pay to gey out of jail until you go to court)
Bill of Rights Amendment 9-Youy have rights other than those in the Constitution
Bill of Rights Amendment 10-Any powers not given to the federal government belong to the state
Economics Opportunity Cost-what you have to give up to get something else(no snack for a week so you can buy a toy with your saved up $$$)
Economics Scarcity-means there os not enough for everyone
Economics Price Incentives-when things are on sale...people shop!!!
Economics Specilazation-each reigon can grow diffrent things 1.Georgia is known for cotton and peaches 2.Flordia is known for oranges
Economics Voluntary exchange-trading
Economics Technological advancement- 1.negative-cotton gin increased a need for more slaves 2.positive-computer incereased the ability for a world comunity.Having a personal budget will allow you to resposibly buy the things you want and need
Economics Example of a personal budget:I was paid $500 this week.10% goes to charity/tithing. 10% goes to me for WHATEVER I WANT. 10% goes to short term savings(buy a PS3/XBOX360;emergencies). 10% goes to long term savings(buy a car).60% goes to bills,food,gas,etc.
Physical and Man-Made Features in the U.S.-YOU NEED TO BE ABLE TO LOCATE THESE AREAS ON THE MAP!!! 1.Physical means natural like canyons and lakes,etc. 2.Man-made means NY City,Boston,etc.
Atlantic Coastal Plains (right side of the United States)
Great Plains (middle of the United States)
Continental Divide (divides the United States in half-goes through Canada,United States,and Mexico
The Great Basin (the 'big bowl' in the left part of the United States)
Death Value (desert in California)
Gulf of Mexico (large body of water that touches Mexico,Texas,Florida,and many other states)
St. Lawrence River (river runs through New York)
The Great Lakes (lakes that surround Michigan and many other states as well as Canada)
Native Americans Inuit-Artic(Canada area)
Native Americans Kwakiutl-Northwest(California area)
Native Americans Nez Perce-Plateu(by bottom of California)
Native Americans Hopi-Southwest(by bottom of California)
Native Americans Pawnee-Plains(by bottom of California)
Native Americans Seminoles-Southeastern(Florida area)
Native Americans... Use their enviroment to obtain food,clothing,and shelter
Native Americans 1.If you lived close to the ocean,you would eat fish,etc. 2.If you lived in the forest,you would utilize wood for sheler,clothes,and tools 3.You hunt animals specific to your region for food and clothing
European Exploration Obstacles food,water,sailing,munity,indians,money,etc.
European Exploration John Cabot-Sailed for Spain-discovered the NW Passage
European Exploration Vasco Nunez Balboa-Sailed for Spain-a land route to Pacific Ocean through South America
European Exploration Juan Ponce De Leon-Sailed for Spain-He discovered Florida-looked for the Fountain of Youth
European Exploration Chriatopher Columbus-Sailed for Spain-discovered America
European Exploration Jacqes Cartier-Sailed for France-discovered Canada
European Exploration Henry Hudson-Dutch sailor-discovered the Hudson Bay
British Colonial America New England colonies-not a lot of farming;more business
British Colonial America Mid-Atlantic colonies-some farming;some business
British Colonial America Southern colonies-most farming
British Colonial America large landowners-had the best life;owned slaves
British Colonial America farmers-worked hard;grew their own food
British Colonial America artisans-had specialty like making froks and spoons
British Colonial America women-had very little respect;could not vote,etc.
British Colonial America slaves-had no respect;white people "owned" them
British Colonial America indentured servants-you make a deal to be someone's servant for 7 years-they pay your traveling cost fron one country to another
British Colonial America Native Americans-obviously,not good-the colonist took their land
Created by: 27984