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Push for Reform

New Movements in America

The greatest of the revival preachers during the Second Great Awaking who led massive revivals in NYC and devised the "anxious bench" and other innovations. Charles Finney
A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Methodism and Baptism. Stressed a religious philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance for all Protestant sects. The revivals attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans. Second Great Awakening
This was a campaign during the reform era to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages Temperance Movement
United States educator who introduced reforms that significantly altered the system of public education. Horace Mann
A reformer and pioneer in the movement to treat the insane as mentally ill, beginning in the 1820's, she was responsible for improving conditions in jails, poorhouses and insane asylums throughout the U.S. and Canada. Dorothea Dix
Movement that held that reality involves going beyond the senses and investigating the processes of the mind of thought. Centered around New England. Transcendentalist Movement
Movement during the late 1700's and into the mid-1899's whose members worked to establish a perfect society through utopian communities. Utopian Movement
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones. Nativism
A political party made up of nativists who answered questions about the society by answering "I know nothing." They only supported white, native born, protestant candidates. Know-Nothings
Urban apartment buildings that served as housing for poor factory workers. These buildings were often poorly constructed and overcrowded. Tenements
Immigrants came to the United States because of both factors that made life harder in their home countries and factors that made the United States look attractive. Push-Pull Model of Immigration
The ideal that housework and child care were considered the only proper activites for married women. Cult of Domesticity
Prominent figure for womens rights. She encouraged women to work as nurses, school teachers, and maids. Catharine Beecher
First organized women's rights convention in the USA. They wrote the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments. Seneca Fall's Convention
A prominent advocate of women's rights, Stanton organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Slave in Virginia who started a slave rebellion in 1831 believing he was receiving signs from God. His rebellion was the largest sign of black resistance to slavery in America. Nat Turner
A system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom in the North. Underground Railroad
United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913). Harriet Tubman
A campaign against slavery and the slave trade. Abolition Movement
Ardent abolitionist that fought against slavery for moral reasons. His influence brought many people to his standard, as well as to oppose him. He created the Anti-Slavery Society. William Lloyd Garrison
United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North. Frederick Douglass
Created by: CoachSweitzer