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GOVT - Ch 13

The Bureaucracy

TermDefinition
bureaucrat An individual who works in a bureaucracy; generally used, a government employee.
bureaucracy A large, complex, hierarchically structured administrative organization that carries out specific functions.
independent executive agency An federal agency that is not located within a cabinet department.
partisan politics Political actions or decisions that benefit a particular party.
independent regulatory agency A federal organization that is responsible for creating and implementing rules that regulate private activity and protect the public interest in a particular sector of the economy.
government corporation An agency of the government that is run as a business enterprise; primarily engage in commercial activities, produce revenues, and require greater flexibility.
civil service nonmilitary government employees.
legislative rule An administrative agency rule that carries the same weight as a statute enacted by a legislature.
enabling legislation A law enacted by a legislature to establish an administrative agency; normally specifies name, purpose, composition, and powers of agency.
adjudicate To render a judicial decision; in administrative law, the process in which an administrative law judge hears and decides issues that arise when an agency charges a person or firm with violating a law or regulation enforced by the agency.
rulemaking The process undertaken by an administrative agency when formally proposing evaluating, and adopting a new regulation.
neutral competency The application of technical skills to jobs without regard to political issues.
iron triangle A three-way alliance among legislators, bureaucrats, and interest groups to make or preserve policies that benefit their respective interests.
issue networks Groups of individuals or organizations - which consist of legislators and legislative staff members, interest group leaders, bureaucrats, the media, scholars, and other experts - that support particular policy positions on a given issue.
whistleblower In the context of government employment, someone who reports to authorities on gross governmental inefficiency, illegal action, or other wrongdoing.
privatization The transfer of the task of providing services traditionally provided by government to the private sector.
Created by: lisagrand