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Midterm 2

Consequences of Empire after Roman War Wealth. Senate Control. Political lessons to general. Urbanization. Knights (ie farming), ruin of small farmer
Forces at work in Late Republic of Rome Senate and nobility, agitation for land reform, knight's commercial interests, italian pressure for citizenship, army
Gracchi brothers who made abortive attempt at reform
Marius Military Reforms of Marius - military, social, and political consequences. Failed political adventure
Sulla-Senate alliance rewarding of Sulla with an expedition against Kin Mithridates, an Asia Minor
Pompey rose in wake of suppression of the Spartacus slave revols towards the colase of the Sulla Constitution. Actions against Caesar was to strip him of his power to a certain Date
Caesar crosses Rubicon during civil war. Victory: Pompey's escape; pursuit to Cleopatra's Egypt. Reforms and controversies of Caesar: Julian calendar, threats, to the senate, for the proletariat. ASSASINATED
Actium Battle. Victory of Octavian
Octavian Cleopatra/Anthony commit suicide so Octavian takes Egypt as Hereditary possession. His quest: Republican Facade and autocratic reality
Augustus New name of Octavian
Praetorian Guard Executive service bureaucracy;
Diocletian Emperor; makes major attempt at rescue for Late Roman empire
Signs of continuing decay Emperor Constantine, a new captial at Constantinople, and continuing re-organization in the 4 prefectures
Theodosius last of the strong emperors of Rome
Visigoths/Vandals sacks Rome
Romulus Agustus last emporor in the west desposed by German general Odoacer
Political aspirations in early christianity/the roman church Jewish messiah, and the jewish nationalists (zealots)
Zealots Jewish nationalists
Arianism threat of heresy during early christianity/the roman church, as well as the controversy over the mystery of Trinity
Voltaire observations were the HRE: "it was neither holy, roman, or an empire"
Emperor Justinian invasion from the East. imperial and religious interference
Iconoclast further doctrinal differences in the holy roman empire
Pope Gregory I, the Great Reassertion of papal independence.
Clovis The Merovingian empire builder
Charles Martel, aka the hammer one of the military-religious mode of expansion. Cavalier attitude towards Church
Pippin III , aka the Short, becomes leader along with his brother Carloman. honors the "republica", he influence of the donation of Constanstine
Charlemane religious pecularities: Arian, iconoclast. Conflicts with Church policy: the Council of Nicaea, counters with his own counsil at Frankfort. Pathway to his coronation was: pope Hadrian, Pope Leo III, Christmasy Day
Fundamental conditions of feudal relationship equality of parties; contractual relationshipl limited time
Fief Benefice of feudalism
Lord Vassal purpose of Feudalism
Lord Serf purpose of Manorialism
Fundamental conditions of the Manorial relationship unequal, eterna
Merovingians the early Salic dynasty; Founder, Meroveus
Council of Nicaea defining the bible and earth
St. Paul apostle to the Gentiles
St. Paul and the shaping of Christian doctrine Jesus' death, original sin, and celibacy
21 April 753 B.C. Rome founded
Created by: cnrlyn