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KSH - Chapter 7

Study Guide for Kansas History Chapter 7

Chisholm Trail cattle trail that ran from San Antonio, Texas to Abilene, Kansas
trail boss person in charge of a cattle drive
Dodge City one of several cattle towns in Kansas
Jesse Chisholm trail blazer who marked portions of the most famous cattle trail
quarantine line marked the area where Texas cattle could not go
Texas fever disease that infected local cattle
Cyrus K. Holiday established the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad
Fred Harvey established restaurants, hotels, and dining cars along the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad line
Pacific Railroad Act passed by Congress to provide land grants to railroads
Town Site Association it was their responsibility to survey the land and plan the selected town site
Transcontinental There was national interest in building this railroad connecting the East and West Coasts
Monopoly This is when railroads were the only transportation business in the area and had no competitors
Land Grant public land given to the railroads by the government. In exchange, the railroads built tracks to specific locations.
Government They gave public lands to the railroad as an incentive for the railroads to build where they would not otherwise build
"Rain follows the plow" belief that once the prairie is cultivated the climate will change to bring more rain
corn, wheat, rye, barley, grapes, and fruits Crops grown in Kansas
Eastern United States There was a shortage of fresh meat in this part of the country so cattle were very valuable
Texas There was an abundance of cattle in this place so they were not worth much
Kansas Where the railroad stations were located to move the cattle to the east
Cattle drives These were begun by cattle ranchers so they could make more of a profit by moving their cattle to the east
Railroads The closer settlers lived to these, the more they had access to goods and services
Isolated What you were when you lived in the country, or on a farm
Mechanical threshing machines These allowed farmers to grow more grain, saved them time, and resulted in the need for less hired help
Created by: ColbyHistory