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Chapter 16 Vocab

QuestionAnswer
1. Satellite state a country that is formally independent, but under heavy political and economic influence or control by another country
2. Cold War was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc,
3. Iron Curtain symbolized the ideological conflict and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas
4. Truman Doctrine stated that the U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent them from falling into the Soviet sphere
5. Containment United States policy using numerous strategies to prevent the spread of communism
6. Marshall Plan was the American program to aid Europe
7. Berlin airlift US dropped supplies and food to Western Europe countries
8. NATO The organization constitutes a system of collective defense whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party
9. Warsaw Pact a military treaty of E European countries, by the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania:
10. 38th Parallel latitude 38° N that in East Asia roughly demarcates North Korea and South Korea
11. Limited war a conflict in which the belligerents participating in the war
12. SEATO an international organization for collective defense in Southeast Asia
13. Arms race a competition between two or more parties to have the best armed forces
14. Mutually assured destruction a doctrine of military strategy and national security policy
15. Massive retaliation a military doctrine and nuclear strategy in which a state commits itself to retaliate in much greater force in the event of an attack
16. Brinkmanship the practice of pushing dangerous events to the to the brink of disaster
17. Nationalize the process of taking a private industry or private assets into public ownership
18. Suez Crisis a diplomatic and military confrontation in late 1956 between Egypt on one side, and Britain, France and Israel
19. Eisenhower Doctrine a country could request American economic assistance and/or aid from U.S. military forces if it was being threatened by armed aggression from another state
20. CIA an independent civilian intelligence agency of the United States government
21. NANA
22. Red Scare Fear of communism
23. Smith Act a United States federal statute that set criminal penalties for advocating the overthrow of the U.S. government and required all non-citizen adult residents to register with the government
24. HUAC n investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives
25. Hollywood Ten he mid-20th-century list of screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians, and other U.S. entertainment professionals who were denied employment in the field because of their political beliefs or associations, real or suspected
26. Blacklist a list or register of entities who, for one reason or another, are being denied a particular privilege, service, mobility, access or recognition
27. McCarthyism the practice of making accusations of disloyalty, subversion, or treason without proper regard for evidence
Created by: abullard3