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8thGr-Hist-SupremeCt

8th Grade: STAAR testing: Supreme Court Cases, Wars, Indust Rev, etc.

TermDefinition
Marbury v. Madison establishing judicial review, the Supreme Court can rule a law unconstitutional
McCullouch v. Maryland the Supreme Court ruled that national law is superior to state law.
Dred Scott Decision (Dred Scott v. Sandford) The Supreme Court ruled that slaves are property and therefore have no rights as citizens
French & Indian War War between the French and the British. They were fighting for control of North America. The consequence was taxes on the colonists.
American Revolution Conflict between the British and their American colonists. Battles included: Lexington & Concord, Saratoga, Yorktown
Lexington & Concord 1775 - first shots of the revolution
Saratoga 1777 - turning point of the revolution because France decided to help colonists
Yorktown 1781 - final battle of the revolution
War of 1812 War began over the impressments of American sailors. Nothing changed after this war. Francis Scott Key wrote the Star Spangled Banner during this war.
Battle of New Orleans 1814 - battle that made Andrew Jackson a hero. Took place after the war ended.
Mexican-American War 1846-1848: War that erupted over annexation of Texas. It ended with Mexico giving the U.S. the Mexican Cession (present day Calif., Ariz, NM, NV, & parts of Colorado and Wyoming). US also purchased a strip of land known as Gadsden Purchase from Mexico
Civil War 1861-1865 War between the North and South over slavery and states' rights
Ft. Sumter 1861 - opening shots of Civil War
Gettysburg 1863 - turning point of Civil War
Vicksburg 1863 - gave the North control of the Mississippi River
Appomattox Courthouse 1865 - Lee surrendered to Grant thus ending the Civil War
Cotton gin machine invented by Eli Whitney that quickly and easily removed the seeds from cotton. This allowed slaves to use their time to pick more cotton, thus causing slavery to continue.
Interchangeable parts parts that could be used interchangeably in any machine or item that is the same (ex: guns)
Steamboat a ship that is powered by steam
Canal man made waterway ususally connected to existing lakes, rivers, or oceans
Turnpike a road where a toll or fee is collected
Bessemer steel process first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel
Cottage industry the production of goods in the home; producing goods by hand
Factory system the production of goods in a factory setting with the use of machines
Technological innovation new ways of doing things using the latest technology. Improves the way people live and do things
Transportation system development of a system that allows for the transporting of a large amount of people or goods
Urbanization movement of people from rural areas to cities. People moved to be closer to factories
Industrialization production of goods using machines in a factory setting
Temperance social movement that called for the ban of alcohol sales and consumption
Prison reform movement led by Dorothea Dix; called for mentally unstable people to be moved into facilities dedicated to their care
Public education Horace Mann led the common school movement. It allowed all children to be educated in the same setting
Abolitionist movement people who called for an end to slavery
Women's rights movement led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott. They called for equal rights for women.
1607 Jamestown was established. This is first permanent English settlement in North America.
1776 Declaration of Independence was written and signed.
1787 The U.S. Constitution was written.
1803 Louisiana Purchase
1861 Civil war starts
1863 Emancipation Proclamation and Gettysburg Address
1865 Civil War ends