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ch 16&17 ohs

satellite state state controlled by the Soviet Union
Cold War struggle between communism and capitalism
iron curtain figure of speech. seperated capitalism and communism
Truman Doctrine Trumans promise to aid nations stuggling against communist movements
containment the American attempt to contain communism within its current region
Marshall Plan recovery plan for Europe
Berlin airlift demonstrated to West Berlin, the Soviet Union, and the world how far the United States would go to protect noncommunist parts of Europe and contain communism
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Warsaw Pact Soviet Union and its satellite states formed a rival millitary alliance
38th parallel dividing line on the 38th parallel of latitude between North and South Korea
limited war fought to achive only specific goals
SEATO Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
arms race tug-of-war in weapon capabilties and technologies
mutually assured destruction ownership of fire power that can destroy a nation many times over
massive retaliation the US would respond to communist threats to its allies by threatening to use crushing, overwhelming force, perhaps even nuclear weapons
brinkmanship the placement of a single step from the outbreak of war
nationalize the act of placeing something under government control
Suez crisis used as an exuse to take the Suez canal
Eisenhower Doctrine a statement by Eisenhower that stated that the US would use horce to help any Middle Eastern nation threatened by communism
CIA Central Intelligence Agency
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Red Scare The fear of communism
Smith Act made it unlawful to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. government
HUAC House UN-American Activities Committee
Hollywood Ten refused to answer questions asserting their Fifth Amendment rights against self-incrimination
blacklist movie executives circulated a blacklist of entertainment figures who should not be hired because of their suspected communist ties
McCarthyism catchword for extreme, reckless charges
demobilization sending home members of the army
GI Bill of Rights granted veterans a variety of benefits
baby boom veterans of the war came home and started families
productivity the rate at which goods are produced and services performed
Taft-Hartley Act outlawed the closed shop-- a workplace in which only unions had gained during the New Deal
Fair Deal far-ranging legislative program
Interstate Highway Act authorized funds to build 41,000 miles of highway consisting of multilane expressways that would connect the nation's major cities
Sunbelt southern and western states
service sector business that provides service
information industry those who built or operated the first computers
franchise business allows a company to distribute its products or services through retail outlets owned by independent operators
multinational corporation companies that produced and sold their goods and services all over the world
AFL-CIO enjoyed a good deal of political clout
California Master Plan called for three tiers of higher education: research universities, state colleges, and community colleges
consumerism buying many things
median family income rose from 3319 to 5417
nuclear family mother and father and their children
rock-and-roll new type of fast music
beatnik artists who made beats
inner city closer to downtown
urban renewal the government cleared large tracts of older housing and built freeways and developments which would revitalize downtown
termination policy end tribal government and to relocate Native Americansto the nation's cities
Created by: camaroboy321