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Treaty of Paris 1783 a peace agreement that officially ended the Revolutionary War and established British recognition of the independence of the United States.
Magna Carta a charter of liberties agreed to by King John of England, it made the king obey the same laws as citizens.
English Bill of Rights a shift of political power from the British monarchy to Parliament.
Articles of Confederation the document that created the first central government for the United States: was replaced by the Constitution.
Ratification an official approval.
Northwest Ordinance legislation passed by Congress to establish a political structure for the Northwest Territory and create a system for the admission of new states.
Shay's Rebellion an uprising of Massachusetts's farmers, led by Daniel Shays, to protest high taxes, heavy debt, and farm foreclosures.
Virginia Plan the plan for government proposed at the Constitutional Convention in which the national government would have supreme power and a legislative branch would have two houses with representation determined by state population.
New Jersey Plan a proposal to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states rather than representation by population; rejected at the Constitutional Convention.
Great Compromise an agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention establishing that a state's population would determine it's representation in the lower house of legislature, while each state would have equal representation in the upper house of legislature.
equal representation all states would have the same number of representatives in Congress, irregardless of their size or population.
3/5ths Compromise an agreement that worked out at the Constitutional Convention stating that only three-fifths of the slaves in a state would count when determining a state's population for representation in the lower house of Congress.
popular sovereignty the idea that political authority belongs to the people.
federalism U.S. system of government in which power is distributed between a central government and individual states.
checks and balances a system established by the Constitution that prevents any branch of government from becoming too powerful.
Antifederalists people who opposed ratification of the Constitution.
Federalists people who supported ratification of the Constitution.
Federalist Papers a series of essays that defended and explained the Constitution and tried to reassure Americans that the states would not be over powered by the proposed national government.
Bill of Rights the first 10 amendments to the Constitution.
proportional representation a state's representation in Congress would be based on their population favoring large states.
Created by: phoebsta