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|Treaty of Paris 1783
|a peace agreement that officially ended the Revolutionary War and established British recognition of the independence of the United States.
|a charter of liberties agreed to by King John of England, it made the king obey the same laws as citizens.
|English Bill of Rights
|a shift of political power from the British monarchy to Parliament.
|Articles of Confederation
|the document that created the first central government for the United States: was replaced by the Constitution.
|an official approval.
|legislation passed by Congress to establish a political structure for the Northwest Territory and create a system for the admission of new states.
|an uprising of Massachusetts's farmers, led by Daniel Shays, to protest high taxes, heavy debt, and farm foreclosures.
|the plan for government proposed at the Constitutional Convention in which the national government would have supreme power and a legislative branch would have two houses with representation determined by state population.
|New Jersey Plan
|a proposal to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states rather than representation by population; rejected at the Constitutional Convention.
|an agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention establishing that a state's population would determine it's representation in the lower house of legislature, while each state would have equal representation in the upper house of legislature.
|all states would have the same number of representatives in Congress, irregardless of their size or population.
|an agreement that worked out at the Constitutional Convention stating that only three-fifths of the slaves in a state would count when determining a state's population for representation in the lower house of Congress.
|the idea that political authority belongs to the people.
|U.S. system of government in which power is distributed between a central government and individual states.
|checks and balances
|a system established by the Constitution that prevents any branch of government from becoming too powerful.
|people who opposed ratification of the Constitution.
|people who supported ratification of the Constitution.
|a series of essays that defended and explained the Constitution and tried to reassure Americans that the states would not be over powered by the proposed national government.
|Bill of Rights
|the first 10 amendments to the Constitution.
|a state's representation in Congress would be based on their population favoring large states.