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Chapt. 16 Vocab

1. Satellite State A satellite state is a political term for a country that is formally independent, but under heavy political and economic influence or control by another country.
2. Cold War Rivalry after World War II between the Soviet Union and its satellites and the democratic countries of the Western world, under the leadership of the United States.
3. Iron Curtain A barrier to understanding and the exchange of information and ideas created by ideological, political, and military hostility of one country toward another, especially such a barrier between the Soviet Union and its allies and other countries.
4. Truman Doctrine The policy of President Truman to provide military and economic aid to Greece and Turkey and, by extension, to any country threatened by Communism or any totalitarian ideology.
5. Containment An act or policy of restricting the territorial growth or ideological influence of another, especially a hostile nation.
6. Marshall Plan Foreign policy that offered economic aid to Western European countries after World War II.
7. Berlin Airlift Airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
8. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Military Alliance formed to counter Soviet expansion.
9. Warsaw Pact A military treaty and association of E European countries, formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania.
10. 38th Parallel The dividing line of Korea.
11. Limited War A war in which the enemies do not seek the total destruction of the enemy, esp one in which nuclear weapons are deliberately not used.
12. South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) Defensive alliance aimed at preventing communism aggression in Asia.
13. Arms Race Competition between countries to achieve superiority in quantity and quality of military arms.
14. Mutually Assured Destruction Policy in which the United States and the Soviet Union hoped to deter nuclear war by building enough weapons to destroy one another.
15. Massive Retaliation Policy of threatening to use massive force in response to aggression.
16. Brinkmanship Belief that only by going into the brink of war could the U.S. protect itself against communist aggression.
17. Nationalize To place a resource under government control.
18. Suez Crisis Agreement between France and Great Britain to take control of the Suez Canal in 1956.
19. Eisenhower Doctrine Policy of Eisenhower that stated the the United States would use force to help any nation threatened by communism.
20. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) U.S. intelligence-gathering organization.
21. National Aeronautics and Space Association (NASA) Government agency that coordinates U.S. efforts in space.
22. Red Scare Fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life.
23. Smith Act Law that made it unlawful to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the United States government.
24. House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) Congressional committee that investigated possible subversive activities within the U.S.
25. Hollywood Ten Group of movie writers, directors, and producers who refused to answer HUAC questions about communist ties.
26. Blacklist List of persons who were not hired because of their suspected communist ties.
27. McCarthyism Negative catchword for extreme, reckless charges of disloyalty.
Created by: Adriano_Santos