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Foy Ch. 17 vocab

Reconstruction The period from 1865-1877 following the Civil War during which the U.S. government worked to reunite the nation and to rebuild the southern states.
Ten Percent Plan President Abraham Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction; once 10 percent of voters in a former Confederate state took a U.S. loyalty oath, they could form a new state government and be readmitted to the Union.
Thirteenth Amendment An 1865 constitutional amendment that outlawed slavery.
Freedmen's Bureau An agency established by Congress in 1865 to help poor people throughout the South.
Black Codes Laws passed in the southern states during Reconstruction that greatly limited the freedom and rights of African Americans.
Radical Republicans Members of Congress who felt that southern states needed to make great social changes before they could be readmitted to the Union.
Civil Rights Act of 1866 A law that gave African Americans legal rights equal to those of white Americans.
Fourteenth Amendment An 1866 constitutional amendment giving full rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States, except for American Indians.
Reconstruction Acts The 1867-1868 laws that put the southern states under U.S. military control and required them to draft new constitutions upholding the Fourteenth Amendment.
Fifteenth Amendment An 1870 constitutional amendment that gave African American men the right to vote.
Ku Klux Klan A secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep African Americans from obtaining their civil rights.
Compromise of 1877 An agreement to settle the disputed presidential election of 1876; Democrats agreed to accept Republican Rutherford B. Hayes as president in return for the removal of federal troops from the South.
poll tax A special tax that a person had to pay in order to vote.
segregation The forced separation of people of different races in public places.
Jim Crow laws Laws that enforced segregation in the southern states.
Plessy v. Ferguson An 1896 U.S. Supreme Court case that established the separate-but-equal doctrine for public facilities.
sharecropping A system used on southern farms after the Civil War in which farmers worked land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops.
Created by: lfoy8290