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Ch. 16/17 Civil War

Major Events of the Civil War

Confederate States of America formed in 1861 by the states that seceded from the Union (also known as the Confederacy)
Jefferson Davis president of the Confederacy during the Civil War
Fort Sumter, South Carolina the place where the first shots of the Civil War were fired
Robert E. Lee military leader who fought for the Confederacy
Confederate generals Robert E. Lee, Albert S. Johnston, Pierre Beauregard, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, George Pickett,
Anaconda Plan Winfield Scott's plan to defeat the South; involved naval blockade and getting control over the Mississippi River to split the Confederacy in two
First Battle of Bull Run July 21, 1861; first major battle of the Civil War; Confederacy won this battle
Confederate victories First Battle of Bull Run, Seven Days' Battles, Second Battle of Bull Run,
Ulysses S. Grant general who fought for the Union; Robert E. Lee surrendered to him at Appomattox
Union generals Ulysses S. Grant, George McClellan, William Tecumseh Sherman, Ambrose Burnside, Joseph Hooker,
George McClellan general who fought for the Union
Battle of Shiloh April 6, 1862; Union generals: Sherman and Grant; Confederate generals: Johnston, Beauregard; Union won this battle
Seven Days' Battles June to July 1862; Confederacy won this battle
Battle of Antietam September 17, 1862; bloodiest battle in American history; 25,000 men died or had injuries; McClellan got fired after this battle
Emancipation Proclamation issued on January 1, 1863; freed all slaves in Confederacy
54th Massahusetts Regiment the most famous regiment of the Civil War; one of first to accept African Americans July 1863-attacked Fort Wagner; attack increased enlistment from African Americans
Battle of Gettysburg July 1 to July 4, 1863; George Pickett of Confederacy led a charge against Union army; Pickett's Charge failed; Union won, but Confederacy wasn't finished off
Union victories Battle of Shiloh, Battle of Gettysburg, Siege of Vicksburg
Gettysburg Address November 19, 1863-Lincoln gave this speech at a cemetery dedication; Lincoln said speech was "a flat failure" but more and more people liked the speech as time went on
Siege of Vicksburg July 4, 1863-Ulysses S. Grant and army laid seige on Vicksburg, Virginia; Vicksburg surrendered
William Tecumseh Sherman led army through Confederacy; took over Atlanta and Savannah
Appomattox Court House April 9, 1865-Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant here
Created by: acrosby_1861