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Civil War 5th

secession when part of a country leaves or breaks off from the rest
Confederacy the 11 southern states that seceded from the U.S.
civil war a war between 2 groups or regions within a nation
border states slave states that stayed in the Union
casualties soldiers who were killed, wounded, captured, or missing during war
draft forced enrollment of people into the military
emancipation (proclamation) freeing of enslaved people; January 1,1863
camp a place where temporary shelters or tents are set up, especially for soldiers or travelers
home front all the people who are not in the military (civilian population)
civilian a person not serving in the military
sharecropping a system where poor farmers used a landowner's fields and in return gave the landowner a share of the crop
Jim Crow a nickname for laws that kept African Americans separate from other Americans
segregation forced separation of races; segregated schools, hospitals, churches
Abraham Lincoln famous Republican; 16th President of the U.S.; opposed slavery
Jefferson Davis elected President of the Confederacy
Fort Sumter marked the beginning of the Civil War; April 12, 1861
Union northern states without slavery (exception were the border states)
Robert E. Lee General of the Confederate soldiers
Ulysses S. Grant General of the Union army
Battle of Bull Run; Battle of Antietam; Battle of Shiloh key battles in the Civil War
Battles at Vicksburg & Gettysburg Union victories; turning points of the war
Gettysburg Address short speech given by President Lincoln; declared Union was fighting to make sure that American democracy would survive
Reconstruction the period when the south rejoined the Union
April 14, 1865 John Wilkes Booth assassinated President Lincoln at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C.
Clara Barton northern woman serving as a nurse; founded the American Red Cross
Rutherford B. Hayes new president in 1877 who ended Reconstruction and ordered government soldiers to leave the south
Booker T. Washington former slave; opened Tuskegee Institute in Alabama (all students and teachers were African American); students studied writing, math, and science and learned trades such as printing, carpentry, and farming
George Washington Carver one of Tuskegee's most famous teachers; studied how to improve the lives of poor southern farmers; invented over 300 products made from peanuts
Created by: crstone