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Chapter 15 Vocab

Chapter 15 Vocabulary

1) Unconditional Surrender- Giving up completely without any concessions.
2) Saturation Bombing- Tactic of dropping massive amounts of bombs in order to inflict maximum damage.
3) Strategic Bombing- Tactic of dropping bombs on key political and industrial targets.
4) Tuskegee Airmen- African American squadron that escorted bombers in the air war over Europe during World War II.
5) Battle of Midway- Turning point of World War II in the Pacific, in which the Japanese advance stopped.
6) Executive Order 8802- World War II measure that ensured fair hiring practices in any job funded by the government.
7) Bracero Program- Plan that brought laborers from Mexico to work on American farms.
8) Internment- Temporary imprisonment of members of a specific group.
9) Korematsu v. United States- 1944 Supreme Court case where some Japanese Americans went to seek their rights. The Supreme Court upheld the government's wartime internment policy.
10) 442nd Regimental Combat Team- Japanese American armed force group formed in 1943 that fought in the Italian campaign and became the most decorated military unit in American history.
11) Rationing- Government-controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that civilians could buy during wartime.
12) OWI- (Office of War Information) Government agency that encouraged support of the war effort during World War II.
13) D-Day- June 6, 1944, the day Allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France.
14) Battle of the Bulge- In December 1944, Hitler ordered a counterattack on Allied troops in Belgium, but it crippled Germany by using up reserves and demoralizing its troops.
15) Island Hopping- World War II strategy that involved seizing selected Japanese-held islands in the Pacific while bypassing others.
16) Kamikaze- Japanese pilots who deliberately crashed planes into American ships during World War II.
17) Manhattan Project- Code name of the project that developed the atomic bomb.
18) Holocaust- Name now used to describe the systematic murder of Jews by the Nazis.
19) Anti-Semitism- Prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people.
20) Nuremburg Laws- Laws enacted by Hitler that denied German citizenship to Jews.
21) Kristallnacht- "Night of the Broken Glass", organized attacks on Jewish communities in Germany on November 9, 1938.
22) Genocide- Willful annihilation of a racial, political, or cultural group.
23) Concentration Camp- Camps used by the Nazis to imprison "undesirable" members of society.
24) Death Camp- Nazi camp designed for the extermination of prisoners.
25) War Refugee Board- U.S. government agency founded in 1944 to save Eastern European Jews.
26) Yalta Conference- 1945 strategic meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin.
27) Superpower- Powerful country that plays a dominant economic, political, and military role in the world.
28) GATT- (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) international agreement first signed in 1947 aimed in lowering trade barriers.
29) United Nations- Organization founded in 1945 to promote peace.
30) Universal Declaration of Human Rights- Document issued by the UN to promote basic human rights and freedoms.
31) Geneva Convention- International agreement governing the humane treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoners of war.
32) Nuremburg Trials- Trials in which the Nazi leaders were charged with war crimes.
Created by: Andrew_Clark