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The western Experience CH 4-7
|Caesar established his fame as a general by conquering what?
|______ was Cesar's most able subordinate. Upon the assassination of Cesar, he believed himself to be the rightful heir, later on Marrys Cleopatra.
|Represented oligarchy or the ruler of a few
|In 500 B. C Rome transformed from a monarchy into a __________ with a solid constitution
|______ flows through a large valley, fertilizing the valley.
|Runs Diagonally across Italy, Dividing land into sections.
|Trojan's hero who reached Italy after the Trojan War.
|Who laid the basis of roman, dominated Rome from 625-509B.C, traded with Phoenicians and Greeks and passed the Greek alphabet to the Romans?
|2 Military officers, with 1 Year term
|Authority surpassed the consuls - term less than 6 months
|Another name for the senate
|Elder states man
|Consists of all adult mall citizens
|__________ was elected by Assembly of the centuries.
|Another name for the army is the_______?
|Power to command troops to execute any other assignments they receive from senate?
|"SPQR" stands for?
|Senate and Roman People
|These people are 5% of Rome - had most power - only ones able to take office - only way to become is if both parents were born as a __________?
|These people are 95% of Rome - fight for rights - struggle of orders - able to elect two men called Tribunes?
|Goes from 2 - 10 people, the only had a say couldn't act - Veto Power
|_____________ was 12 wooden tablets
|Publication of a code of law
|Plebeians first victory - licinus and sextius made a bill that reserved one consulship every year to a plebians named?
|Linciniah- sextain Laws
|___________ was an expert in Roman History
|Invasions by the gauls
|The ________ _____________ Treatment Varied Some get full citizenship others get partial (couldnt vote) Allied states (150 of them)
|____________ was the leading naval power in the western Mediterranean?
|________ started when Romans sent a force to assist the town of messana - Rome won the war in 241.
|1st Punic War
|__________ most critical - Carthaginian had Hannibal on its side. Hannibal led his army from Spain to Italy in the snow. - had 37 elephants - won in B.C @ cannae
|2 Punic War
|__________ Marcus Cato led Rome destroyed Carthage - pored salt on soil to destroy crops, by 133 B.C roman had most of Spain
|3rd Punic War
|____________ promised his father that he would make the Romans pay for everything.
|Just dont fight if you cant win.
|150 B.c _______ was the only empire, which controlled from London too Baghdad
|Punchit pilot - wealthy people paid for everyone's taxes then sent someone into the city to collect money for taxes.
|Tax collecting -
|Tried to pass the " land distributions program"
|wanted to limit the power of the senate, set price limit for food and pass " land distributions program"
|Tried to make his family's name look good, become a new "man" also notice not enough people were fighting tin the war. told everyone that if they joined they would get food, land, money.
|Stated everyone should be a citizen which would give them the right to vote. - was later murder to death.
|Marcus livius drusus
|Proposed everything that the Gracchus brothers and marcus and and Drusus worked for and added that the age limit should be put into control.
|Sulla / Sulla's reforms
|This person did not care about how he got power, only cared that he had the power. took both sides of everything.
|8th Riches man ever, "Fire Man" bought houses about to burn down,
|Julius Caesar Crassus Pompey -Made up this group______
|The First triumvirate
|____________ invaded Italy
|______________ was killed in the theater of Pompey by the senate.
|Mark Antony Octavian - Nerd Marcus Lepidus - Controlled the army
|The Second triumvirate
|Senate went from 300 people to _____ people, giving each person less power.
|________ was Augustus wife's son, who became emperor after Augustus died.
|_____ was the death of nerva
|__________ was Nerva successor?
|__________ was Trajan successor?
|____________ built the Hadrian's wall while emperor. This wall separated Britain from Scotland and was 30-40 miles long
|________ was the center of life, most people lived here.
|_________________ was the first city to have 1 million people.
|The wealthier people move to the ____________?
|_______________ grew what they were best at then trade with others, when Rome fell apart the had to go back to growing everything.
|IN 476 B.C ___ fell apart
|Romans were great engineers, they came up with __________ which is still used today.
|Concrete for roads
|___________ was the first Christianity to be emperor?
|____________ stops the killing of Christians while emperor?
|______________ finds: Spear of Dynasty The Cross Jesus Tomb
|___________ had stirrups, which allowed them to stand on a horse while riding and shoot their bow arrows.