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60 Facts #1-50 V1.13

U.S. History Facts

QuestionAnswer
The _______________________________, signed in 1215 by King John, was the first document that limited power of the ruler. Magna Carta
_________________________was the bloodiest single day battle of the Civil War halting the first Confederate attack onto Northern soil. Lincoln declared the battle a victory and issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Antietam
Invented by Eli Whitney, _____________________________________are uniform pieces that can be made in large quantities to replace other identical pieces. This invention greatly helped the growth of American industry. interchangeable parts
__________________________is considered to be the “Father of the Constitution.” James Madison
___________________________________helped fuel the abolitionist movement in 1852 by writing Uncle Tom’s Cabin. The book shined a light on the horrors of slavery. Harriet Beecher Stowe
___________________________________is a system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches. checks and balances
The _______________________________protected the rights of English citizens and became the basis for the American Bill of Rights. English Bill of Rights
The _______________________________was signed on _______________________________. It was written by _______________________________, and declared the colonies independence from England. Declaration of Independence; July 4, 1776; Thomas Jefferson
______________________________was an escaped slave who became a vocal member of the abolitionist movement as well as women’s rights. Sojourner Truth
The _______________________________ended the French and Indian War and effectively kicked the French out of North America. Treaty of Paris 1763
The ________________________was the turning point of the American Revolution as it gave ________________________a reason to enter the war against Britain. Battle of Saratoga; France
_____________________________is an economic theory that a country’s strength is measured by the amount of gold it has, that a country should sell more than it buys and that the colonies exist for the benefit of the Mother Country. Mercantilism
The ________________________________ is the first ten amendments to the Constitution and detail the protection of individual liberties. Bill of Rights
A _________________________is a form of government that is run for and by the people, giving the people supreme power. democracy
_____________________________and _________________________organized the Seneca Falls Convention creating the _____________________________________and ultimately the Women’s Rights Movement in the United States. Elizabeth Cady Stanton; Lucretia Mott;Declaration of Sentiments
_______________________________was an inventor, statesman, diplomat, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He was responsible for convincing Louis XVI of France to support America during the Revolution. Benjamin Franklin
A _____________________is a nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them. Republic
The ____________________________________are the Legislative Branch (makes the laws), the Judicial Branch (interprets the law), and the Executive Branch (enforces the laws). 3 Branches of Government
__________________________________is the refusal to obey a government law or laws as a means of passive resistance because of one’s moral conviction or belief. civil disobedience
__________________________was the 16th President of the United States who successfully put the Union back together only to be assassinated 5 days after the Civil War ended. Abraham Lincoln
_____________________________________is a system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them. representative government
_______________________________was the President of the Confederacy during the Civil War. Jefferson Davis
The ___________________________guarantees the right of states to organize militias, or armies, and the right of individuals to bear arms. Second Amendment
_________________________________was a staunch Federalist and the longest serving Chief Justice in Supreme Court history (1801-1835). He played a key role in the development of the American legal system. John Marshall
__________________________is the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation. free enterprise
________________________________was a former slave who became the best-known black abolitionist in the country. Frederick Douglass
________________________________wrote the Declaration of Independence; became the 3rd President of the United States; he also purchased the Louisiana territory, doubling the size of the United States. Thomas Jefferson
____________________________________is a cruel and unjust government. tyranny
A _________________________is a tax on goods brought into a country. A protective tariff is a tax placed on goods from another country to protect the home industry. tariff
_____________________________was the author of the doctrine which shut down the western hemisphere to European expansion or interference. In return, the US agreed not to interfere in European affairs. James Monroe
_________________________helped create the woman’s rights movement into a national organization. Susan B. Anthony
_________________________was the General of the Union Army and was responsible for winning the Civil War for the North. Ulysses S Grant
The ________________________was fought from 1861-1865. Civil War
The _______________________________was written in 1787. The Constitution of the United States sets out the ____________________________ of the government of the United States. Constitution of the U.S.; laws and principles
The _______________________________was the turning point in the Civil War for the North. Confederate troops were forced to retreat and never invade the North again. Battle of Gettysburg
The _______________________________ended the American Revolution and forced Britain to recognize the United States as an independent nation. Treaty of Paris 1783
An ______________________was a person who wanted to end slavery in the United States. abolitionist
The _____________________________forbids the government to order private citizens to allow soldiers to live in their homes. Third Amendment
______________________________is a system in which each branch of government has its own powers. separation of powers
_________________________is an economic system based on private property and free enterprise. capitalism
_____________________________is the right of the Supreme Court to judge laws, passed by Congress, and determine whether they are constitutional or not. Judicial Review
______________________________________are rights that cannot be given up, taken away, or transferred. Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, are some of those rights. unalienable rights
________________________________is the belief that the United States should own all of the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Manifest Destiny
________________________________was the era in which a change from household industries to factory production using powered machinery took place. Industrial Revolution
The _____________________________was an invention by ____________________________that speeded the cleaning of cotton fibers and in effect, increased the need for slaves. cotton gin; Eli Whitney
______________________________is the right to vote. suffrage
The ________________________________states that “Congress shall make no law” restricting freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition. First Amendment
_________________________means to change. Amend
_________________________, the first permanent English settlement, was founded in _______________. Jamestown
The British defeat at _____________________by George Washington’s troops signaled the end of the American Revolution. ___________________ was the British General who surrendered. Yorktown, Virginia; Cornwallis
Created by: Texans1