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Am. His. Lesson 5

American History 1945-2008

DefinitonTerm
Policy declaring America's intention to use cooperation and friendship in dealing with latin America Good Neighbor Policy
The alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan who fought against the allied powers Axis Powers
Acts the forbade sending or lending money to belligerents in the war and all trade be conducted on a cash-and-carry basis neutrality acts
Plan that allowed the U.S. to sell, lend, lease, or transfer wat materials to any country vital to the U.S. lend-lease
Japanese war planes attacked U.S. naval forces at Pearl Harbor, sinking several ships and killing 2400 American sailors Pearl Harbor
The day Allied troops crossed the English Channel and opened a second front in Western Europe, June 6, 1944. D-Day
Wartime conference of the Allies where they agreed to final plans for the defeat of Germany and the terms of its occupation Yalta Conference
Final wartime meeting of the leaders of the U.S., Great Britain, and the Soviet Union Potsdam Conference
The boundary in Europe that divided eastern and western Europe Iron Curtain
American Plan to control and eventually outlaw nuclear weapons Baruch Plan
Basic strategy of the U.S. throughout the Cold War containment
Doctrine that the U.S. was committed to support free people everywhere Truman Doctrine
Massive economic aid program to rebuild war-torn economies of western European nations Marshall Plan
Military mutual-defense pact between the U.S., Canada, and ten European nations North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
The U.S. carried out an effort to supply the blockade in Berlin Berlin airlift
Anti-union legislation that outlawed the closed shop and secondary boycotts Taft-Harley Act
Southern democrats who bolted form their party and supported Governor Strom Thurmond Dixiecrats
Committee that attempted to uncover and punish those suspected of aiding the communist cause House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
Response with nuclear weapons to the threat of Communist aggression massive retaliation
Rebels besieged a French garrison at Dien Bien Phu and after the U.S. refused to intervene, it fell to the communists Dien Bien Phu
Britain and France launched an armed attack to regain control of the Suez Canal Suez Crisis
The Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth Sputnik
Term warning about the danger of massive defense spending and close relationships betweent the armed forces miltiary-industrial complex
Inexpensive homes built in suburban New York to help relieve the postwar shortage Levittown
The booming birth rate after World War Two baby boom
Known as "beatniks" for their innovative writing and bizarre behavior beats
Legislation that authorized federal financing of scientific and foreign language programs in the nation's schools and colleges National Defense Education Act (NDEA)
Series of reform measures proposed by President Truman in 1949 Fair Deal
Eisenhower claimed he was liberal toward people but conservative about spending public money modern Republicanism
Legislative that funded a 41,000 mile interstate highway system Highway Act of 1956
Fought segregation in schools and initiated a long, difficult effort to integrate schools Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
African Americans boycotted the buses in Alabama after Rosa Parks was arrested Montgomery bus boycott
Organization to direct the crusade against segregation Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Radical group advocating black power to advocate greater militancy and acts of violence Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Emphasized the use of conventional as well as nuclear weapons in meeting threats to American security flexible response
Wall built by the Soviet Union as a barrier to seal off its sector of Berlin Berlin Wall
Group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the CIA to overthrow Fidel Castro Bay of Pigs
Soviet Union came close to nuclear war when President Kennedy insisted peace, which the Soviets eventually agreed to Cuban missile crisis
The campaign program advocated by John F. Kennedy in the 1960 election New Frontier
A bus trip taken by both black and white civil rights advocates freedom ride
Civil rights leaders organize a massive rally in Washington to urge passage of President Kennedy's civil rights bill March on Washington
A new OEO oversaw a variety of programs to help the poor War on Poverty
President Johnson's version of the Democratic reform measures Great Society
Provided Social Security funding for hospitalization insurance for people over 65 and a voluntary plan to cover doctor bills paid in part Medicare
Banned literacy tests for voting rights and provided for federal registrars to ensure the franchise to minority voters Voting Rights Act of 1965
Resolution giving President Johnson the authority to use armed force in Vietnam Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Popular college student organization that protested shortcomings in American life Students for Democratic Society (SDS)
Organization that called for equal employment oppurtunity and equal pay for women National Organization for Women (NOW)
Major offensive the Viet Cong launched in the cities of South Vietnam Tet Offensive
Represented the rise of political activism amng organized religion's radical right Moral Majority
Former liberals who advocated a strong stand against communism abroad and free market capitalism at home neoconservatism
The use of laws or regulations to achieve rracial, ethnic, gender, or other types of diversity affirmative action
Agency effort to protect the environment and curb the pollution of the nation's air and water Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Relaxation of tension with the Soviet Union as a way to lesson the possibility of nuclear war detente
Treaty limiting the deployment of ABM'S and an agreement to freeze the number of offensive missiles for five years Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)
A break-in at the Democratic National Committee offices in the watergate complex was carried out under the direction of White House employees Watergate scandal
A cartel of oil-exporting nations Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
A general rise in temperatures which expels into earth's atmosphere gases that prevent solar heat from escaping global warming
Amendment designed to guarantee women equal treatment under the law Equal Rights Amendment
Women had a constitutional right to abortion Roe v. Wade
Homosexuals began an effort to win social and legal acceptance and to encourage all gays and lesbians to affirm their sexual identity gay liberation movement
A peace agreement between the leaders of Egypt and Israel at Camp David Camp David accords
Claimed that tax cuts would stimulate the economy by giving individuals a greater incentive to earn more money supply-side economics
Process of cutting back on the scope of federal agencies and relying on the free market deregulation
"Star Wars", proposed the construction of an elaborate antimissile system capable of destroying enemy missiles in outter space Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)
High officials in the Reagan administration secretly selling arms to Iran and using the proceeds to finance the Contra rebels Iran-Contra affair
Agreement provided for the destruction of all intermediate-range nuclear missiles Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty
Banned discrimination against the disabled in employment and mandated easy access to all public and commercial buildings Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Code name used by the United States and its coalition partners in waging war against Iraq Operation Desert Storm
Region consisting of a broad band of states running across the South from Florida to Texas Sunbelt
"wetbacks", illegal immigrants undocumented aliens
Free trade plan initiated in the first Bush andministration and enacted by a narrow vote in congress in the the Clinton administration North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
Republican candidates signed a "contrac" in which they pledged their support in things Contract with America
War aimed to weed out terrorist operatives and their supporters throughout the world war on terror
Nation's policy of acting alone without regard for the support or opposition of other nations unilateralism
Biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons capable of widespread destruction weapons of mass destruction (WMD)
Created by: mateya4898