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Am Gov 18

QuestionAnswer
Constitutional Courts Federal courts that Congress has formed under Article III to exercise the Judicial power of the US
Special Courts Do not exercise the broad Judicial power of the US-they have been created to hear cases arising out of some of the expressed powers given to Congress in Article I
List of Constitutional Courts 1 Supreme Court, 94 District Courts, 12 US Courts of Appeals, 13 US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, 1 US Court of International Trade
List of Special Courts US Court of Federal Claims, US Tax Court, Territorial Courts, Us Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, Courts of the District of Columbia, US Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
Jurisdiction The authority of a court to hear a case
Inferior courts The lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court
Jurisdiction Defined as the authority of a court to hear a case
Concurrent Jurisdiction State and federal courts share the power to hear a case
Exclusive Jurisdiction Cases that can only be tried in the federal court system
Plaintiff The person who files the case
Defendant Person against whom the complaint is made
Original Jurisdiction Court in which the case if firs heard "the court of first instance"
Appellate Jurisdiction Court that hears a case on appeal from a lower court
Judicial restraint Belief that judges should decide cases based on the original intent of the Framers, those who enacted the statute involved in the case, or on precedent
Precedent Judicial decision that serves as a guide for settling later cases of similar nature
Judicial Activism A philosophy that believes judges should interpret and apply provisions in the Constitution and in statute law in the light of ongoing changes in conditions and values
Criminal case Defendant is tried for committing some action that Congress has declared by law to be a federal crime
Civil case Involves a noncriminal matter
Docket List of cases to be heard
Record Transcript of proceedings made in the trial court
Writ of certoirari "To be made more clear" and order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up the record in a given case for review
certificate Method of putting a case before the Supreme Case; used when lower court is not clear about a procedure or rule of law
briefs Detailed written statements filed with the Court before oral arguments are presented
Majority opinion Also called the opinion of the court; announces the court decision in a case and sets out the reasoning for the decision
Concurring opinion Written explanation of the views of one or more judges who support the decision by the majority of the court, but for different reason
Dissenting opinion Written explanation of the views of a judge who disagrees with the majority decision
Court martial Court composed of military personal,for those accuses for violating military law
Civilian tribunal Court system operating as part of the judicial branch, separate from military establishment
Redress Satisfaction of a claim payment
Created by: sudokken