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8thGrHist-ManifestDe

8th Grade US History - Manifest Destiny

QuestionAnswer
What are the roots of Manifest Destiny Lay in American economic, political and social experiences. Desire to spread religious beliefs, social desire for more farmland, natural resources and economic growth. Desire to spread democracy.
How did the Mountain Men contribute to manifest destiny? By going ahead to see what was there and to choose the best routes.
Why did people want to move west? For God, gold and glory.
Where did the Oregon Trail leave from? Independence or St. Joseph, Missouri
Who were the Whitmans? A family that went west to convert Indians to Christianity. They settled in present day Washington state and founded a mission called Waiilatpu.
Why was moving west dangerous? Indians, unknown territory and disease.
Who founded the Mormons? Joseph Smith
What happened to the founder of the Mormons? got killed by an anti-Morman group.
Who became the leader after Smith died? Brigham Young
Where did he move the Mormans to? The Great Salt Lake.
Why did the Mormans move there? To be safe and to build a new community.
Who were the candidates in the election of 1844? Henry Clay and James K. Polk
Who won the election of 1844? James K. Polk
What were the two goals of the winner of the election of 1844? Promised to acquire Texas and Oregon and to protect the settlers.
What 2 countries stood in the way of meeting these 2 goals? Britain and China
What was the boundary Polk made a campaign slogan? "Fifty-four forty or fight" or 54* 40* parallel
Did Polk fight for this boundary? No.
What became the boundary? 49th parallel
How did the Mexicans view the annexation of Texas? "Stolen Province"
What other issue were the Mexicans and Americans fighting over? Border of Texas.
Who did Polk send to Mexico to resolve the boundary dispute peacefully? Was he successful? John Slidell; no
What was Polk's next move? What happened? Sent General Zachary Taylor and troops to the Rio Grande. Mexican soldiers crossed the river after they refulsed to move and killed 11, wounded 5 and captured the rest of the soldiers.
What regions of the country supported the war? Southern states supported the war
Why did they support the war? They thought it could better support slavery.
What region did not support the war? Northern states
Why did this region not support the war? They feared the south was going to gain land and have more slaves.
What famous transcendalist protested the war? Henry David Thoreau
What advantage did the Americans have in the Mexican-American War? More men, better weapons and equipment.
Who are the two most famous generals? Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott
What treaty ended the Mexican-American War? The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
What were the provisions of this treaty? It turned over most of Mexico's northern territory to the U.S. The U.S. agreed to pay $15 million.
What was the last piece of land added to form the continental United States? The Gadsen Purchase
Why was the last piece of land added to form the continental U.S.? to complete the size of the U.S.
How much did it cost and who did we buy it from? $10 million from Mexico
Where was gold discovered in 1848? California
What were gold seekers called? 49ers
WHY were the gold seekers called this? Because the year was 1849.
How did the population growth in California have negative consequences on certain people? There were a lot of people that were immigrants.
How long before California applied for statehood? 5 years
What areas did the economic boom lead to growth in? San Francisco
transcendentalism the idea that people could rise above the material things in life
utopian communities place where people worked to establish a perfect society
Second Great Awakening a period of religious evangelism that began in the 1790's and became widespread in the US by the 1830's.
nativists US citizens who opposed immigration because they were suspicious of immigrants and feared losing jobs to them.
Temperance movement a social reform effort begun in the mid 1800s to encourage people to drink less alcohol
Common-school movement social reform efforts begun in the mid-1800s that promoted the idea of having all children educated in a common place regardless of social class or background
Know-Nothing Party political organization founded in 1849 by nativists who supported measures making it difficult for foreigners to become citizens and to hold office.
abolition to end slavery
emancipation freedom from slavery
Californios spanish colonists in California
Tejanos spanish settlers who lived in what is now southern Texas
annex to take control of land and incorporate into a country, state, etc.
redezvous annual event held by mountain men to trade furs and socialize
Forty-niners Gold seekers who moved to California during the gold rush
Dorthea Dix was a middle class reformer who helped change the prison system in the US
Henry David Thoreau went to jail for refusing to pay his taxes because he thought they would go towards the Mexican War
Thomas Gallaudet he worked to improve the lives and education for the hearing impaired
Horace Mann fought for better salaries for teachers
Mary Lyon founded the first college that both men and women could go to
Samuel Gridley Howe worked to improve the education of visually impaired Americans
William Lloyd Garrison published a newspaper called The Liberator.
Angelina and Sarah Grimke well-known anti-slavery activists. Were the first women to speak in front of a male and female audiences of the Anti-Slavery Society
Frederick Douglass was one of the most important African American leaders in the 1800s
Harriet Tubman led her family and more than 300 other slaves to freedom
Elizabeth Cady Stanton went to the Anti-Slavery convention and couldn't sit with her husband until he refused to move away from her