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civics chapter 8

circuit districts they serve
jurisdiction the authority to hear and decide a case
exclusive jurisdiction only the federal courts may hear and decide cases
concurrent jurisdiction both federal and state courts have jurisdiction
district court the federal courts in which trials are held and lawsuits are begun
original jurisdiction the authority to hear cases for the first time.
appeals court to review decisions made in lower district courts
appellate jurisdiction the authority of a court to hear a casse appealed from a lower court
remand sending a case back to the lower court to be tried again.
opinion offers a detailed explanation of the legal thinking behind the court's decision
precedent gives guidance to other judges by offering a model upon which to base their own decisions on similar cases
judicial review the court can review any federal, state, or local law or action to see if it is constitutional.
constitutional allowed by the constitution
docket calendar
brief a written document that explains one side's position on the case
majority opinion presents the views of the majority of the justices on a case.
unanimous opinion all the justices vote the same way
concurring opinion the justice who agrees with the majority decision but has different reasons
dissenting opinion justuces who oppose the majority decision issue
stare decisis a guiding principle for all judges
Created by: cierreadouglas