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WCMS6 Civil War

The American Civil War (USI.9)

QuestionAnswer
What type of economy did the South have before the Civil War? agricultural/farming (plantations)
What type of economy did the North have before the Civil War? manufacturing (factories)
What type of society did the North have before the Civil War? urban (cities)
What type of society did the South have before the Civil War? rural (plantations & small villages)
What is a tariff? a tax on products from other countries to make people choose locally-made goods over foreign-made goods
Why did the North support tarrifs? tariffs made the North's manufactored goods cheaper than foreign goods, therefore people were more likely to buy the cheaper goods from the North
Why did the South oppose tarrifs? it cost more money to buy manufactored goods and the South was afraid that Great Britain would stop buying cotton from them
What region of the US favored a strong central government? The North
What region of the US favored states' rights? The South
Why did many people in the North want to abolish slavery? many Northerners thought slavery was morally wrong, cruel and inhumane, and a violation of the principles of democracy
Why did many people in the South want to keep slaves? many Southerner's believed the South's economy depended on the labor of slaves
What compromise on slavery allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine to enter as a free state? Missouri Compromise (1820)
What compromise on slavery let the decision of slavery fall to popular sovereignty? Kansas-Nebraska Act
What compromise on slavery allowed California to enter the Union as a free state and the rest of the Southwest decide the issue of slavery itself? The Compromise of 1850
What marked the beginning of the Civil War? Confederate troops firing on the Union's Fort Sumter
When did the Southern states secede from the Union? after Abraham Lincoln's election
Union, Confederate, or Border State? Alabama Confederate
Union, Confederate, or Border State? Missouri border
Union, Confederate, or Border State? New York Union
Union, Confederate, or Border State? Deleware border
Union, Confederate, or Border State? Virginia Confederate
Union, Confederate, or Border State? Michigan Union
Name the FOUR border states. Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Deleware
Who was the President of the United States during the Civil War? Abraham Lincoln
Who was the President of the Confederate States during the Civil War? Jefferson Davis
Union, Confederate, or Border State? Oregon Union
Who was the General of the Army of Northern Virginia and fought for the Confederacy? Robert E. Lee
Who commanded the Union Army? Ulysses S. Grant
Who was a skilled Confederate General from Virginia? Stonewall Jackson
What nurse founded the American Red Cross? Clara Barton
Who was a former slave who escaped and became a powerful abolitionist? Frederick Douglass
What African American sailor fought for the Union and became an Congressman after the Civil War? Robert Smalls
What was the turning point of the American Civil War? The Battle of Gettysburg
What battle gave the Union control of the Missississippi River and thus divded the Confederacy? Vicksburg
What marked the beginning of the Civil War? the firing at Fort Sumter
What happened in Appomattox Courthouse, VA? General Lee surrendered to General Grant, marking the end of the Civil War
What document issued by President Lincoln made the focus of the war about slavery? The Emancipation Proclamation
What was the first major battle of the Civil War? The 1st Battle of Bull Run or Manassas
"government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from the earth" is a quote from what famous speech? The Gettysburg Address
Who wrote the Gettysburg Address? Abraham Lincoln
Created by: MrsBonini