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Am. His. Lesson 4

American History 1876-1938

First federal regulatory agency to investigate and oversee railroad activities Interstate Commerce Commision (ICC)
1878 act that called for the partial coinage of silver Bland-Allison Silver Purchase Act
Act sought to lessen the involvement of politicians in the running of the government Pendleton Act
First federal attempt to regulate business Sherman Antitrust Act
Intended to end the troublesome problem of silver as part of the nation's currency Sherman Silver Purchase Act
Alliance that sought to organize farmers in the South and West to fight for reforms National Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union
Demands that became the Farmers' Alliance main platform Ocala Demands
National third party to promote reform People's (or Populist) party
One of the largest strikes in U.S. history Pullman Strike
Law that declared gold the nation's standard of currency Gold Standard Act
Belief that the U.S. should stay out of entaglments with other nations isolationism
Policy of extending a nation's power through military conquest, economic domination, or annexation imperialism
News artickles that helped turn U.S. public opinion against Spain's actions in Cuba yellow journalism
U.S. pledged not to annex Cuba and that it would recognize Cuba's independance from Spain Teller Amendment
Treaty that ended the Spanish-American War Treaty of Paris
Organization formed to fight against the treaty of Paris Anti-Imperialist League
War fought to quell Filipino resistance to U.S. control of the Philippine Islands Philippine-American War
Act that established Puerto Rico as an unorganized U.S. territory Foraker Act
Cuba amendment that authorized U.S intervention in Cuba to protect its interest Platt Amendment
Granted all major powers equal access to Chinese markets Open Door Policy
Term describing writers who made a practice of exposing the wrongdoings of public figures muckrakers
Movement for social change between the late 1890's and World War 1 progressivism
A handful of large companies dominate an industry oligopoly
Focused on equal rights and the education of African Americans Niagra Movement
One of the most important civil rights organization for African Americans National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Temporary migrants who came to the U.S. to earn and save money then return home birds of passage
Organization worked to organize women into trade unions Women's Trade Union League (WTUL)
"The Wobblies", attempted to organize unskilled and foreign-born industrial workers Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
School of early twentieth-century realist painters Ashcan School
Need for tenement house laws and stricter child-labor regulations, and better work conditions for women social-justice movement
Daring to question old ideas in order to discover new plans and solutions that work pragmatism
Protection that limited women to wroking in factories and laundries to a 10 hour work day Muller v. Oregon
Brief of evidence that a long workday can take a toll on a woman's health Brandeis brief
Law that strengthened the rate-making power of the ICC Hepburn Act
Protecting the nation's natural resources by the wise use of them Conservation
Bull Moose Party, attempting to advance progressive ideas and unseat President Taft Progressive Party
Demanded a national approach to the country's affairs and a strong president to handle them New nationalism
Emphasized business competition and small government New Freedom
Reduced the tariff rates about 15% percent Underwood Tariff Act
Creating a central banking system, consisting of 12 regional banks Federal Reserve Act
Law that outlawed interlocking directorates and prohibited unfair trade practices Clayton Antitrust Act
Treaty granting the U.S. control over a canal zone 10 miles wide across the isthmus of Panama Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
U.S. would intervene in Latin American affairs if they couldn't keep their affairs in order Roosevelt Corollary
Promoted U.S. financial and business interests abroad and replaced military alliances with economic ties dollar diplomacy
Promoted right principles to the world, preserve peace, and extend the blessings of democracy moral diplomacy
Registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft Selective Service Act
Organization that rallied support for American involvement in WW1 through art, advertising, and film Committee on Public Information (CPI)
Law that sentenced 20 years in prison for aiding the enemy, obstructing the recruitment of soldiers, or disloyalty Espionage Act
Law that brought harsh penalties for anyone bad talking the U.S. government, flag, or armed forces Sedition Act
Government agency that determined priorities, allocated raw materials, and fixed prices War Industries Board (WIB)
Government agency that encouraged Americans to save food in order to supply the armies overseas Food Administration
Terms presented for a far-reaching, nonpunitive settlement of World War 1 Fourteen Points
African American cultural, literary, and artistic movement centered in Harlem Harlem Renaissance
A wave of anticommunist, antiforeign, and antilabor hysteria that swept over America at the end of WW1 Red Scare
Ban of manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages in the U.S. prohibition
Established a quota system to regulate the influx of immigrants to America National Origins Quota Act
Contest between modern liberalism and religious fundamentalism; John Scopes trial Scopes Trial
Scandal in which secretary was guilty of accepting bribes in exchange for leasing government owned lands to private businessmen Teapot Dome scandal
Program of legislation that included measures aimed at relief, reform, and recovery from the Great Depression New Deal
Unemployed war veterans who demanded promised bonus checks from the government bonus army
Agency that built dams and power plants on the Tennessee River Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
Agency to promote economic recovery and revive industry during the Great Depression National Recovery Administration (NRA)
Agency that attempted to restrict agricultural production by paying farmers subsidies to take land out of production Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
Provided government jobs to young men 18-25 in reforestation and other conservation projects Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Agency to provide work relief for the unemployed Works Progress Administration (WPA)
Established a system of old age, unemployment, and survivors' insurance funded by wage and payroll taxes Social Security Act
Created the National Labor Relations Board to serve an impartial mediator of disputes between labor and management Wagner Act
President Roosevelt asked Congress to allow him to appoint additional justices to the court "Court-packing" scheme
Created by: mateya4898