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Path to Sectionalism

From Nationalism to Sectionalism

The doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other. Nationalism
Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law. McCulloch v. Maryland
The 1803 case in which Chief Justice John Marshall and his associates first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the U.S. Constitution. The decision established the Court's power of judicial review over acts of Congress. Marbury v. Madison
5th President of the U.S. 1817-1825 acquired Florida from Spain; declared Monroe Doctrine to keep foreign powers out. James Monroe
An 1819 agreement in which Spain gave over control of the territory of Florida to the United States. Adams-Onis Treaty
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere. Monroe Doctrine
Allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state, Maine to enter the union as a free state, prohibited slavery north of latitude 36˚ 30' within the Louisiana Territory (1820). Missouri Compromise
The idea of spreading political power to the common people and ensuring majority rule. Jacksonian Democracy
The practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs. Jackson made this practice famous for the way he did it on a wide scale. Spoils System
Removed Indians from southern states and put them on reservations in the Midwest. Indian Removal Act
The tragic journey of the Cherokee people from their home land to Indian territory between 1838 and 1839, thousands of Cherokees died. Trail of Tears
South Carolina Senator who advocated for state's rights, limited government, and nullification. John Calhoun
Southerners favored freedom of trade and believed in the authority of states over the federal government. Southerners declared federal protective tariffs null and void. Nullification Crisis
The change from an agricultural to an industrial society and from home manufacturing to factory production, especially the one that took place in England from about 1750 to about 1850. Industrial Revolution
Young, single women from New England farms that had experience for the textile industry and were cheaper to hire than males. Lived in company-owned boardinghouses where older women acted as chaperones. Lowell Girls
This man invented the first commercially successful steamboat in the United States. Robert Fulton
Machine invented by Samuel Morse in 1837 that used a system of dots and dashes to send messages across long distances electronically through a wire. Telegraph
An American inventor who developed the cotton gin. Also contributed to the concept of interchangeable parts that were exactly alike and easily assembled or exchanged. Eli Whitney
Invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. A machine that removed seeds from cotton fibers. Cotton could be processed quickly and cheaply. Cotton Gin
A region stretching from South Carolina to east Texas where most of U.S. cotton was grown during the mid-1800's. Cotton Belt
Expression used by Southern authors and orators before Civil War to indicate economic dominance of Southern cotton industry, and that North needed South's cotton. King Cotton
Created by: CoachSweitzer